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Table 4 Percentage of younger (24–39 years) and older (40–63 years) patients with Exhaustion Disorder (ED) reporting on the PRIME-MD* symptoms checklist at the first visit to the stress clinic that they have frequently experienced the respective symptom during the past month

From: Prevalence and course of somatic symptoms in patients with stress-related exhaustion: does sex or age matter

Symptom Total group Younger1 Older2 p-value3
(N = 228) (n = 82) (n = 146)
% (n) % (n) % (n)
Nausea, gas or indigestion 67 (153) 62 (51) 70 (102) 0.237
Headaches 65 (149) 72 (59) 62 (90) 0.117
Dizziness 57 (129) 49 (40) 61 (89) 0.075
Constipation, loose bowels, or diarrhea 54 (123) 54 (44) 54 (79) 0.948
Feeling heart pound or race 54 (122) 49 (40) 56 (82) 0.283
Back pain 51 (116) 52 (43) 50 (73) 0.724
Chest pain 47 (106) 51 (42) 44 (64) 0.283
Pain in arms, legs or joints, knees, hips 49 (111) 33 (27) 58 (84) <0.001
Stomach pain 45 (103) 48 (39) 44 (69) 0.558
Shortness of breath 23 (52) 24 (20) 22 (32) 0.669
Pain or problems during sexual intercourse 14 (31) 20 (16) 10 (15) 0.051
Fainting spells 4 (8) 5 (4) 3 (4) 0.400
  1. 1Younger: 24–39 years.
  2. 2Older: 40–63 years.
  3. 3p-value: Pearson’s Chi-Square test was used to compare the prevalence of the single somatic symptoms between younger and older patients. Bold numbers indicate that the difference between the age groups is statistically significant (p < 0.05).
  4. * PRIME-MD = Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders.