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Table 2 The number of males and females in each group of interest across all 15 studies identified in this review

From: The association of ADHD symptoms to self-harm behaviours: a systematic PRISMA review

Study Male Female
Ben-Yehuda et al. [40] Does not specify for the DSH individuals. Does not specify for the DSH individuals.
Of the 39 suicidal children, 25 were males (64%). Of the 39 suicidal children, 14 were females (36%).
  Of the 227 suicidal adolescents, 58 (26%) were males. Of the 227 suicidal adolescents, 169 (74%) were females.
Deane and Young (2012) [41] No males (n = 0) ADHD (n = 4)
DiScala et al. (1998) [42] ADHD (n = 211) ADHD (n = 28)
Dowson et al. (2007) [43] ADHD (n = 43) ADHD (n = 16)
Dowson et al. (2010) [44] ADHD (n = 73) No females (n = 0)
Fulwiler et al. [45] Self-mutilators (n = 15) Self-mutilators (n = 1)
  Suicide-attempters (n = 11) Suicide-attempters (n = 4)
Goodman et al. [46] Assaultive/suicidal (83.3% of 24). Assaultive/suicidal (16.7% of 24)
  Assaultive-only (89.5% of 19) Assaultive-only (10.5% of 19)
Hinshaw et al. [47] No males (n = 0) ADHD (n = 140)
Hurtig et al. (2012) [48] ADHD and DSH (n = 15) ADHD and DSH (n = 30)
  Suicidal Acts & ADHD (n = 4) Suicidal Acts & ADHD (n = 4)
Izutsu et al. (2006) [49] DSH (n = 239) DSH (n = 238)
Lam (2002) [17] ADD and ED admission for injury (n = 125). * States that of the types of injuries they looked at, there were 59 cases of suicide/self-harm but does not specify the gender of this group of injuries. ADD and ED admission for injury (n = 33). See male column for more detail.
Lam (2005) [50] ADD (n = 97) ADD (n = 33)
Lynch et al. (2006) [51] ‘At-risk’ of psychiatric disorder (n = 67) ‘At-risk’ of psychiatric disorder (n = 73)
Semiz et al. (2008) [52] ADHD (n = 68.25) (65% of 105) No females (n = 0)
Wehmeier et al. (2008) [53] ADHD (n = 338) (80.3%) ADHD (n = 83) c19.7%)