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Table 2 Precipitating factors of suicide attempts and gender differences

From: Gender differences in suicide attempters: a retrospective study of precipitating factors for suicide attempts at a critical emergency unit in Japan

  Total Males Females Significance  
  (N = 193) (N = 88) (N = 105)   
Age ± SD 41.1 ± 16.3 42.4 ± 16.3 40.1 ± 16.4 NS§  
Mean number of precipitating factors ± SD 1.11 ± 0.78 1.20 ± 0.87 1.04 ± 0.69 NS§  
Under psychiatric treatment 131 50 81 p = 0.003 χ2 = 9.070
Employment status      
Employed 60 39 21 p = 0.000 χ2 = 13.216
Unemployed 97 39 58 NS  
Housewife or house-husband 17 0 17 p = 0.000 χ2 = 15.624
Student 19 10 9 NS  
Methods of suicide attempt      
Drug overdose 101 36 65 p = 0.004 χ2 = 8.460
Jumping from a high place 33 17 16 NS  
Cutting 16 10 6 NS  
Poisonous gas 15 13 2 p = 0.001 χ2 = 11.060
Hanging 11 7 4 NS  
Poisoning 9 4 5 NS  
Other methods 11 2 9 NS  
DSM-IV-TR      
Substance-induced disorders 16 11 5 NS  
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders 45 22 23 NS  
Major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder 42 26 16 p = 0.016 χ2 = 5.756
Dysthymic disorder 26 7 19 p = 0.040 χ2 = 4.224
Adjustment disorders 27 13 14 NS  
Personality disorders 22 2 20 p = 0.000 χ2 = 13.339
Other psychiatric disorders 14 6 8 NS  
None 11 6 5 NS  
Precipitating factors      
Family problems 62 20 42 p = 0.010 χ2 = 6.551
 Parent–child relations 14 2 12 p = 0.015 χ2 = 5.965
Health problems 8 7 1 p = 0.024  
Financial problems 40 24 16 p = 0.040 χ2 = 4.220
 Debt (others) 4 4 0 p = 0.042  
Work problems 27 18 9 p = 0.018 χ2 = 5.618
 Unwanted transfer 4 4 0 p = 0.042  
Love problems 20 7 13 NS  
School problems 6 3 3 NS  
Other problems 29 12 17 NS  
 Loneliness 12 2 10 p = 0.038 χ2 = 4.317
  1. §Welch’s t-test, chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test.