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Table 1 Studies on the validity and reliability of the MINI

From: Psychometric properties of a sign language version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)

Study & language Participants Validation Reliability-analysis Results, depressive and anxiety disorders Concordance; Cohen’s kappa mean & range
Sheehan et al. [5] English Psychiatric patients N = 308 Non-patients, N = 62 Total N = 370 SCID-P1 Test-retest and inter-rater analyse Concordance between MINI-CR and SCID-P1 diagnoses Twenty-two diagnostic categories analysed
Major depressive disorder kappa:0.84, observed agreement: 92% Two diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Inter-rater (kappa) 1.00, Retest (kappa) 0.87 Lifetime panic disorder, kappa: 0.80, observed agreement: 91% Kappa mean: 0.67, range: 0.43-0.90
Inter-rater (kappa)0.97, Retest (kappa) 0.79
Lecrubier et al. [4] French Psychiatric patients N = 260 Non-patients, N = 50 Total N = 310 CIDI2 Test-retest and inter-rater analyses Concordance between MINI and CIDI2 diagnoses Seventeen diagnostic categories analysed
Major depressive disorder (kappa) 0.73, observed agreement: 87% Test-retest (kappa) 0.83 Four diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Lifetime panic disorder (kappa) 0.68, observed agreement: 92% Test-retest (kappa) 0.76. Kappa mean: 0.66, range: 0.36-0.82
Inter rater, all diagnoses (kappa) 0.88-1.00
Bobes [13] Spanish Primary health care patients N = 126 Expert opinion Inter-rater analysis Major depression, sensitivity 0.94, specificity 0.62 No Cohen’s kappa values available
Generalised anxiety disorder, sensitivity 0.92, specificity 0.65
Pinninti et al. [19] English Psychiatric outpatients N = 111 Expert opinion   Diagnostic agreement in 58% of the cases In 33% the disagreement was of substantial nature MINI diagnosed more co-morbid conditions No Cohen’s kappa values available
Rossi et al. [14] Italian Psychiatric outpatients N = 50   Inter-rater and test-retest analyses Major depressive disorder, current: Inter-rater reliability (kappa) 0.96. Test-retest (kappa) 0.46 Thirty-one diagnoses analysed Inter-rater kappa mean: 0.85, range: 0–1.00
Major depressive disorder, recurrent: Inter-rater reliability (kappa) 0.84. Test-retest (kappa) 0.36 Test-retest kappa mean: 0.41, range: 0–1.00
Panic disorder lifetime: Inter-rater reliability (kappa) 0.88. Test-retest (kappa) 0.49 Information on diagnoses occurring in less than 5% of participants not available
Kadri et al. [16] Moroccan Psychiatric patients N = 175 Non-patients, N = 50 Total N = 225 Expert opinion Inter-rater and test-retest analyses Concordance between MINI and expert diagnoses Major depressive disorder (kappa) 0.95, observed agreement: 99% Thirteen diagnostic categories analysed Four diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Social phobia (5% of participants) (kappa) 0.91, obs. agreement: 94% Kappa mean: 0.91, range: 0.79-0.95
Inter-rater and test-retest reliability (kappa) all above 0.80
Otsubo et al. [15] Japanese Psychiatric inpatients AN = 82 BN = 169 ASCID-P1 B Expert opinion Inter-rater and test-retest analyses Concordance between MINI and A SCID-P1/B expert opinion A Thirteen diagnostic categories analysed Four diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Major depressive disorder, Kappa mean: 0.71, range: 0.49-0.93
A kappa: 0.85, obs. agreement: 93% B Eleven diagnostic categories analysed Seven diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
B kappa: 0.36, obs. agreement: 69% Kappa mean: 0.34, range: 0.03-0.69
Panic disorder, A kappa: 092, obs. agreement: 98%
B kappa: 0.53, obs. agreement: 89%
MINI test-retest, kappa: 0.80, obs. agreement: 91%
MINI Inter-rater, kappa: 0.94, obs. agreement: 97%
Marques & Zuardi [17] Portuguese Primary health care patients N = 120 SCID3   Concordance between MINI and SCID3 diagnoses Depressive disorders, kappa: 0.75, obs. agreement: 92% Eight diagnostic categories analysed Four diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Anxiety disorders, kappa: 0.81, obs. agreement: 94% Kappa mean: 0.66, range: 0–0.85
Mordal et al. [18] Norwegian Psychiatric patients, acute ward N = 38   Test - retest analysis Concordance of MINI diagnoses in test-retest Twenty diagnostic categories analysed Six diagnoses occurred in less than 5% of participants
Major depressive episode, kappa: 0.82, obs. agreement: 92% Kappa mean: 0.51, range: 0–1.00
Panic disorder, lifetime, kappa: 0.84, obs. agreement: 92%
  1. 1The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III-R Patient version.
  2. 2The Composite International Diagnostic Interview.
  3. 3The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV.