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Table 1 Sample characteristics of South Asian Canadian-born and South Asian immigrant populations in Canada aged 25–64 years old, CCHS 2011

From: South Asian populations in Canada: migration and mental health

   South Asian Canadian-born weighted n (%) 265,056 (21.0%) South Asian Immigrant weighted n (%) 997,706 (79.0%) p-value
SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC
Gender Male 147,173 (55.5) 530,978 (53.2) 0.480
Female 117,884 (44.5) 466,728 (46.8)  
Age 25-40 years old 96,597 (89.7) 530,978 (53.2) 0.0001
41-64 years old 11,090 (10.3) 466,728 (46.8)  
SOCIAL SUPPORT
Marital status Married/common-law 75,850 (28.9) 774,264 (77.7) 0.0001
Not married 186,888 (71.1) 222,858 (22.4)  
Sense of belonging to community Strong 197,034 (76.0) 720,613 (74.8) 0.693
Weak 62,332 (24.0) 242,235 (25.2)  
Number of children in household under age of 12 None 190,258 (71.8) 610,579 (61.2) 0.0001
1 or more 74,799 (28.2) 387,127 (38.8)  
SES
Highest level of education HS grad or less 96,109 (37.2) 267,390 (27.3) 0.002
  Some post-sec or more 162,056 (62.8) 711,560 (72.7)  
Income adequacy Low income household 119,744 (45.2) 332,091 (33.3) 0.0001
Income adequate 145,313 (54.8) 665,615 (66.7)  
Food security Food secure 247,441 (96.3) 896,756 (92.6) 0.008
Food insecure 9,569 (3.7) 72,021 (7.4)  
Working status last week Employed 160,215 (69.0) 580,261 (61.6) 0.027
Not employed 72,117 (31.0) 362,495 (38.5)  
HEALTH & BEHAVIOR
Self-rated health status Poor-fair 235,978 (89.2) 905,151 (91.0) 0.354
Good-excellent 28,680 (10.8) 89,311 (9.0)  
Chronic conditions No conditions 248,349 (93.7) 733,716 (73.5) 0.0001
1 or more conditions 10,708 (6.3) 263,990 (26.5)  
Regular medical doctor Yes 228,199 (86.1) 835,919 (83.9) 0.351
No 36,858 (13.9) 159,975 (16.1)  
Physical activity level Active 167,736 (64.4) 431,643 (44.5) 0.0001
Inactive 92,793 (35.6) 539,461 (55.6)  
Current smoking status Yes 20,791 (7.9) 75,326 (10.2) 0.495
No 242,929 (92.1) 663,559 (89.8)  
ACCULTURATION
Years since immigration 0-9 years 378,199 (37.9)
10+ years 619,507 (62.1)
Age at time of immigration ≤ 17 years 205,764 (20.8)
18+ years 783,294 (79.2)
Language of CCHS interview English or French 972,073 (97.4)
Not English or French 25,633 (2.6)