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Table 5 Clinical parenting stress (raw score > 90) by anxiety and depression status in Ghana

From: Mental health related determinants of parenting stress among urban mothers of young children – results from a birth-cohort study in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire

Parenting Stress Depressed N (%) Non-depressed N (%) p Anxious N (%) Non-anxious N (%) p Entire sample N (%)
3 m 15 (65.2) 75 (30.1) 0.001 9 (64.3) 81 (31.4) 0.01 90 (33.1)
12 m 12 (66.7) 49 (21.1) <0.001 5 (71.4) 56 (23.1) 0.003 61 (24.4)
24 m 3 (27.3) 27 (14.1) 0.23 2 (28.6) 28 (14.4) 0.30 30 (14.9)
  1. Note: Exposures (depression and anxiety) and outcome (PS score) were assessed and compared at the same time. For example, the comparison of 3 month PS is between depressed vs. non-depressed or anxious vs. non-anxious mothers at 3 months. Bold: p<0.05.