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Table 7 Multivariate GEE regression coefficients for parenting stress

From: Mental health related determinants of parenting stress among urban mothers of young children – results from a birth-cohort study in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire

  Ghana (N = 281) Côte d’Ivoire (N = 120)
  Coef 95% CI P Coef 95% CI P
Postnatal depression1 8.67 4.03, 13.31 <0.001 8.17 4.37, 11.98 <0.001
Postnatal anxiety2 3.05 -2.70, 8.80 0.30 4.87 -2.53, 12.27 0.20
Prenatal depression1 7.78 4.31, 11.25 <0.001 4.41 0.20, 8.63 0.04
Prenatal anxiety2 -3.34 -7.97, 1.29 0.16 3.94 -1.30, 9.19 0.14
Anemia (Ref: <11 g/dL) 3.23 0.47, 6.00 0.02 2.02 -1.07, 5.11 0.20
Number of sick child visits - - - -0.92 -2.08, 0.23 0.12
Age -0.35 -0.66, -0.04 <0.001 - - -
Time -6.63 -7.73, -5.53 <0.001 0.84 -1.15, 2.84 0.41
  1. 1Depressed: PHQ-9 ≥ 10.
  2. 2Anxious: GAD-7 ≥ 10.