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Table 5 Univariate model of factors associated with suicidality

From: Population level mental distress in rural Ethiopia

   Non-suicidal Suicidal Odds ratio 95% CI p value
   n % n %     
Sex          
  Male 627 50.3 111 46.3 1.0    
  Female 620 49.7 129 53.8 1.18 0.89 1.55 0.253
Residence          
  Urban 118 9.5 20 8.4 1.0    
  Rural 1119 90.5 219 91.6 0.87 0.53 1.42 0.569
Marital status          
  Single 231 18.7 22 9.2 1.0    
  Married 916 74.2 186 77.8 2.13 1.34 3.39 0.001
  Formerly married 88 7.1 31 13.0 3.70 2.03 6.73 <0.001
Ethnicity          
  Gurage 1176 94.8 225 93.8 1.0    
  Other 64 5.2 15 6.3 0.82 0.46 1.46 0.493
Religious affiliation          
  Orthodox 1109 92.0 211 93.4 1.0    
  Other 97 8.0 15 6.6 0.81 0.46 1.43 0.471
Occupation          
  House wife 338 28.4 65 27.7 1.0    
  Farmer 635 53.3 129 54.9 0.95 0.56 1.62 0.858
  Private 110 9.2 19 8.1 1.01 0.61 1.65 0.980
  Other 109 9.1 22 9.4 0.86 0.44 1.67 0.648
Age          
  Median (IQR) 35.0(27.0, 45.0) 38.0 (30.0, 50.0) 1.02 1.01 1.03 <0.001
Relative wealth         
  Better off 147 12.1 80 7.6 0.49 0.28 0.83 0.008
  Average 620 55.2 119 50.2 0.70 0.52 0.94 0.019
  Poor 396 32.6 199 42.2 1.0    
Education          
  Formal education 404 35.4 48 21.2 1.0    
  Able to read/write 261 22.9 65 28.8 2.10 1.40 3.14 <0.001
  Not literate 475 41.7 113 50.0 2.00 1.39 2.88 <0.001
Mental illness in family         
  None 959 80.3 167 74.6 1.0    
  Yes 236 19.7 57 25.4 1.39 0.99 1.93 0.054
Life events          
  None 736 61.0 62 26.6 1.0    
  ≤2 events 320 26.5 91 39.1 3.38 2.38 4.78 <0.001
  >2 events 151 12.5 80 34.3 6.29 4.32 9.15 <0.001
Social support          
  Strong 141 12.0 26 11.5 1.0    
  Average 552 46.9 98 43.2 0.84 0.62 1.13 0.245
  Poor 485 41.2 103 45.4 0.87 0.54 1.39 0.555
Can count on others         
  At least on 1 person to count on 1138 92.4 211 88.7 1.0    
  None 94 7.6 27 11.3 1.55 0.99 2.44 0.058
Concern from others         
  At least some concern 606 50.8 98 43.0 1.0    
  Little or uncertain 587 49.2 130 57.0 1.37 1.03 1.82 0.031
Ease of help          
  Easy 546 44.1 90 38.0 1.0    
  Difficult 693 55.9 147 56.9 1.29 0.97 1.71 0.083
Hazardous alcohol use         
  None 959 79.3 180 76.3 1.0    
  Yes 251 20.7 56 23.7 1.19 0.85 1.65 0.305