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Table 2 Biological chronic health problems, psychosocial condition, and family history regarding FNA by multivariate logistical regression models (N = 20,505)

From: Frequent nocturnal awakening in children: prevalence, risk factors, and associations with subjective sleep perception and daytime sleepiness

Variables Model I Model II Model III Model IV
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue
Biological health problems         
 Overweight/obesity vs. none 1.89 (1.40-2.55) <.001 1.80 (1.32-2.44) <.001 1.78 (1.31-2.42) <.001 1.70 (1.25-2.35) <.001
 Chronic pain during night vs. none 2.87 (2.48-3.32) <.001 2.67 (2.29-3.10) <.001 2.60 (2.24-3.02) <.001 2.47 (2.12-2.88) <.001
 History of ADHD diagnosis vs. none 1.56 (1.28-1.89) <.001 1.29 (1.05-1.59) .014 1.25 (1.02-1.54) .033 1.20 (0.98-1.49) .078
 Chronic respiratory condition vs. none 1.42 (1.28-1.57) <.001 1.27 (1.14-1.41) <.001 1.25 (1.12-1.39) <.001 1.23 (1.10-1.37) <.001
 Food/drug allergy vs. none 1.17 (0.95-1.44) .147 0.98 (0.78-1.21) .824 0.97 (0.78-1.20) .759 0.99 (0.80-1.23) .916
Psychosocial condition         
 Poor mental and emotional condition   <.001   <.001   <.001   <.001
  Yes vs. no 1.53 (1.41-1.71)   1.36 (1.25-1.53)   1.35 (1.21-1.53)   1.34 (1.20-1.49)  
 Poor peer acceptance/social functioning   <.001   .107   .113   .110
  Yes vs. no 1.22 (1.10-1.34)   1.07 (0.96-1.20)   1.06 (0.96-1.21)   1.06 (0.98-1.22)  
 Poor parenthood   <.001   .008   .018   .063
  Yes vs. no 1.35 (1.23-1.50)   1.16 (1.05-1.28)   1.13 (1.01-1.26)   1.12 (1.00-1.23)  
Family history of insomnia         
 Grandparents’ history of insomnia   .227   .851   .705   .506
  Yes vs. no 1.11 (0.94-1.32)   0.98 (0.82-1.18)   0.97 (0.81-1.56)   0.96 (0.82-1.14)  
 Parents’ history of insomnia   <.001   <.001   <.001   <.001
  Yes vs. no 1.52 (1.35-1.71)   1.34 (1.18-1.51)   1.34 (1.18-1.52)   1.31 (1.15-1.48)  
  1. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.
  2. Model I adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics;
  3. Model II adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, biological health problems, and psychosocial conditions;
  4. Model III adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, biological health problems, psychosocial conditions, and family history of insomnia;
  5. Model IV adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, biological health problems, psychosocial conditions, family history, sleep environments, and bedtime hygiene simultaneously.