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Table 2 Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis for various anxiety disorders for men and women

From: Association between exposure to traumatic events and anxiety disorders in a post-conflict setting: a cross-sectional community study in South Sudan

GAD-only
  Male Female
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Age 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 1.02 (0.98–1.05) 1.02 (0.98–1.05)
Rural/urban Ref.: Rural 2.56 (1.32–4.97)* 2.88 (1.35–6.11)* 0.98 (0.42–2.68) 0.85 (0.34–2.16)
Socio-economic position: Mildly disadvantaged 1 1 1 1
Socio-economic position: Moderately disadvantaged 4.51 (1.35–15.04)* 4.69 (1.40–15.75)* 1.78 (0.37–8.45) 1.76 (0.37–8.45)
Socio-economic position: Severely disadvantaged 4.64 (2.08–10.37)* 4.85 (2.14–10.95)* 3.49 (1.03–11.86)* 3.53 (1.03–12.11)*
Trauma exposure during the war 1.17 (0.93–1.48) 0.75 (0.53–1.06)
Trauma exposure after the Peace Agreement 0.96 (0.94–1.03) 1.02 (0.96–1.91)
PD-only
Age 0.99 (0.96–1.01) 0.98 (0.95–1.02) 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 0.99 (0.65–1.03)
Rural/urban Ref.: Rural 1.18 (0.51–2.68) 1.03 (0.40–2.65) 0.76 (0.27–2.12) 0.33 (0.89–1.22)
Socio-economic position: Mildly disadvantaged 1 1 1 1
Socio-economic position: Moderately disadvantaged 1.57 (0.42–5.81) 1.58 (0.43–5.86) 1.64 (0.31–8.62) 1.31 (0.23–7.52)
Socio-economic position: Severely disadvantaged 1.31 (0.65–2.65) 1.36 (0.67–2.78) 2.25 (0.69–8.44) 2.85 (0.80–10.01)
Trauma exposure during the war 1.05 (1.04–31.35)* 1.23 (0.93–1.33)
Trauma exposure after the Peace Agreement 1.02 (0.96–1.07) 1.11 (1.04–1.20)*
PTSD-only
Age 0.98 (0.96–1.03) 0.99 (0.97–1.00) 1.02 (0.98–1.04) 1.03 (0.98–1.05)
Rural/urban Ref.: Rural 1.12 (0.67–1.87) 1.61 (0.85–2.06) 1.29 (0.73–2.28) 3.46 (1.48–8.09)*
Socio-economic position: Mildly disadvantaged 1 1 1 1
Socio-economic position: Moderately disadvantaged 2.18 (1.01–4.71)* 2.35 (1.10–5.16)* 4.52 (2.09–9.74)* 5.26 (2.32–11.92)*
Socio-economic position: Severely disadvantaged 0.82 (0.54–1.27) 0.96 (0.61–1.50) 1.40 (0.75–2.59) 1.89 (1.08–3.66)*
Trauma exposure during the war 1.28 (1.10–1.49)* 1.46 (1.21–1.76)*
Trauma exposure after the Peace Agreement 1.08 (1.02–1.09)* 1.12 (1.06–1.18)*
Any anxiety disorder (not PTSD)
Age 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.99 (0.98–1.10) 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 0.99 (0.96–1.02)
Rural/urban Ref.: Urban 2.55 (1.61–4.04)* 2.58 (1.53–4.34)* 1.18 (0.66–2.08) 1.05 (0.55–1.98)
Socio-economic position: Mildly disadvantaged 1 1 1 1
Socio-economic position: Moderately disadvantaged 0.92 (0.38–2.19) 0.93 (0.38–2.22) 1.44 (0.55–3.72) 1.41 (0.54–3.71)
Socio-economic position: Severely disadvantaged 1.43 (0.94–2.15) 1.45 (0.96–2.20) 2.28 (1.13–4.60)* 2.30 (1.12–4.69)*
Trauma exposure during the war 1.08 (1.02–1.25)* 0.87 (0.58–1.01)
Trauma exposure after the Peace Agreement 1.10 (1.03–1.21)* 1.02 (1.01–1.07)*
  1. *p < 0.05.