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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analysis of the WHOQOL-BREF domains at T1 and T2

From: Sense of coherence and quality of life in older in-hospital patients without cognitive impairment- a 12 month follow-up study

  Domains of QoL at T1 Domains of QoL at T2
  β 1 (95% CI) β 2 (95% CI) β 3 (95% CI) β 4 (95% CI)
Physical QoL             
SOC Medium high 1.43 0.55 2.31** 1.31 0.47 2.15** -0.12 -0.82 0.59 -0.04 -0.75 0.67
  High 1.20 1.09 2.90** 1.76 0.89 2.62** 0.66 -0.08 1.41 0.65 -0.10 1.40
P-ADL > 6     -1.60 -2.30 -0.89**     -0.76 -1.38 -0.14*
HADS-D ≥ 8     -1.80 -3.34 -0.26*     1.07 -0.21 2.36
HADS-A ≥ 8     0.02 -1.29 1.34     -0.71 -1.79 0.37
    Adjusted R2   10.0    21.8    13.2    13.2  
Psychological QoL             
SOC Medium high 1.16 0.63 1.70** 0.92 0.39 1.45** -0.29 -0.83 0.25 -0.32 -0.85 0.,22
  High 1.16 0.61 1.72** 0.91 0.37 1.46** 0.37 -0.20 0.93 0.30 -0.26 0.85
P-ADL > 6     -0.16 -0.60 0.28     -0.51 -0.95 -0.08*
HADS-D ≥ 8     -1.33 -2.29 -0.37**     -0.50 -1.46 0.46
HADS-A ≥ 8     -0.99 -1.84 -0.15*     -0.53 -1.36 0.31
    Adjusted R2   11.4    21.8    11.3    14.7  
Social QoL             
SOC Medium high 0.52 -0.05 1.09 0.46 -0.12 1.04 0.20 -0.25 0.64 0.18 -0.17 0.76
  High 0.57 -0.02 1.15 0.49 -0.11 1.08 0.34 -0.12 0.80 0.30 -0.74 0.72
P-ADL > 6     -0.32 -0.80 0.17     -0.32 -0.70 0.07
HADS-D ≥ 8     -0.64 -1.70 0.43     -0.30 -0.70 0.07
HADS-A ≥ 8     -0.03 -0.97 0.91     -0.01 -1.13 0.54
    Adjusted R2   1.3 N.s. model    1.6 N.s. model    4.9    5.2  
Environmental QoL             
SOC Medium high 0.87 0.30 1.57 0.77 0.23 1.30** -0.04 -0.37 0.30 -0.05 -0.39 0.29
  High 0.96 0.37 1.55 0.73 0.18 1.27** 0.13 -0.22 0.48 0.10 -0.25 0.45
P-ADL > 6     -1.29 -1.73 -0.84**     -0.25 -0.56 0.06
HADS-D ≥ 8   12.1   -0.57 -1.55 0.41     -0.38 -0.10 0.24
HADS-A ≥ 8     -0.66 -1.52 0.20     -0.23 -0.78 0.31
    Adjusted R2   12.1    28.4    50.7    51.4  
  1. T1 = baseline, T2 = one-year after, QoL = Quality of life, SOC = Sense of Coherence, P-ADL = personal all day living function, HADS-D = Depressive symptoms of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS-A = Anxiety symptoms of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.
  2. Independent variables were assessed at T1.
  3. 1 Adjusted for age and gender.
  4. 2 Adjusted for age and gender and the other variables included.
  5. 3Adjusted for age, gender and QoL of the actual domain at T1.
  6. 4Adjusted for age, gender, QoL of the actual domain at T1and the other variables included.
  7. Adjusted R2 = explained adjusted variance.
  8. N.s. Not significant.
  9. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01.