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Table 3 Prevalence depression as measured by PHQ-9 among patients attending primary health care facilities in the Northern Province, according to selected socio demographic characteristics (n = 12,841)

From: Prevalence of depression and its associated factors among patients attending primary care settings in the post-conflict Northern Province in Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional study

Variable Major depression % 95% CI Total
PHQ Score ≥10    
Age group (years)a     
 18-24 0.3 0.2 0.4 1475
 25-34 1.9 1.7 2.1 3025
 35-49 3.6 3.3 3.9 3888
 50-64 6.9 6.5 7.3 3019
 65 and above 11.6 11.0 12.2 1434
Sex     
 Male 3.6 3.3 3.9 5578
 Female 5.1 4.7 5.5 7263
Nature of employment     
 Govt./Semi govt. paid employee 1.4 1.2 1.6 1071
 Private sector paid employee 3.2 2.9 3.5 595
 Employer 1.2 1.0 1.4 857
 Own account worker 3.2 2.9 3.5 3197
 Contributing to family enterprise 6.0 5.6 6.4 7121
District     
 Jaffna 6.5 6.1 6.9 4930
 Kilinochchi 2.4 2.1 2.7 3392
 Mannar 5.1 4.7 5.5 509
 Mullaitivu 3.7 3.4 4.0 4010
Seeing     
 No difficulty 1.8 1.6 2.0 10478
 Difficult/not possible 16.5 15.9 17.1 2363
Hearing     
 No difficulty 3.1 2.8 3.4 11840
 Difficult/not possible 20.5 19.8 21.2 1001
Walking     
 No difficulty 1.3 1.1 1.5 10636
 Difficult/not possible 20.1 19.4 20.8 2205
Cognition     
 No difficulty 2.2 1.9 2.5 11758
 Difficult/not possible 29.5 28.7 30.3 1083
Self-care     
 No difficulty 4.0 3.7 4.3 12697
 Difficult/not possible 43.1 42.2 44.0 144
Communication     
 No difficulty 4.2 3.9 4.5 12687
 Difficult/not possible 27.3 26.5 28.1 154
Total 4.5 4.1 4.9 12841
  1. aChi-square for linear trend of major depression across age groups = 302; p < 0.0001.