Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with major depression: unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (n = 12,841)

From: Prevalence of depression and its associated factors among patients attending primary care settings in the post-conflict Northern Province in Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional study

Variable Unadjusted Adjusteda
OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Age group (years)         
 18-24 1.0     1.0    
 25-34 5.6 2.3 14.1 <0.001 4.9 1.9 12.5 0.001
 35-49 10.9 4.5 26.7 <0.001 5.6 2.2 14.0 <0.001
 50-64 21.8 8.9 52.9 <0.001 5.7 2.3 14.2 <0.001
 65 and above 38.8 15.9 94.6 <0.001 4.7 1.8 11.9 0.001
Sex         
 Male 1.0     1.0    
 Female 1.4 1.2 1.7 <0.001 1.4 1.1 1.7 0.001
Nature of employment         
 Govt./Semi govt. paid employee 1.0        
 Private sector paid employee 2.3 1.2 4.6 0.016     
 Employer 0.8 0.4 1.9 0.653     
 Own account worker 2.3 1.4 4.1 0.002     
 Contributing to family enterprise 4.5 2.7 7.6 <0.001     
District         
 Mullaitivu 1.0     1.0    
 Jaffna 1.8 1.5 2.2 <0.001 1.0 0.8 1.2 0.873
 Kilinochchi 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.002 1.5 1.1 2.1 0.013
 Mannar 1.4 0.9 2.2 0.112 4.6 2.8 7.4 <0.001
Seeing         
 No difficulty 1.0     1.0    
 Difficult/not possible 10.9 9.1 13.1 <0.001 2.3 1.8 3.0 <0.001
Hearing         
 No difficulty 1.0     1.0    
 Difficult/not possible 8.0 6.6 9.6 <0.001 2.0 1.5 2.5 <0.001
Walking         
 No difficulty 1.0     1.0    
 Difficult/not possible 19.9 16.3 24.3 <0.001 7.5 5.8 9.8 <0.001
Cognition         
 No difficulty 1.0     1.0    
 Difficult/not possible 18.8 15.7 22.6 <0.001 4.5 3.6 5.6 <0.001
Self-care         
 No difficulty 1.0     1.0    
 Difficult/not possible 17.9 12.7 25.2 <0.001 2.6 1.7 4.0 <0.001
Communication         
 No difficulty 1.0        
 Difficult/not possible 8.5 5.9 12.3 <0.001     
  1. aAdjusted for all variables in the column (age, sex, district, seeing, hearing, walking, cognition and self care).