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Table 3 Results of seven linear regression analyses of factors associated with the seven attitudes about suicide assessed by the subscales of the Scale of Public Attitudes about Suicide (SPAS) in 179 psychiatrists from Shanghai a

From: Cross-sectional study of attitudes about suicide among psychiatrists in Shanghai

Attitudes β Beta 95% CI of β p
Subscale 1: Respondent believes suicide can be prevented (0–100)
  Male −5.38 −0.17 −10.07 ~ −0.69 0.025
  Years working as a psychiatrist 0.02 0.02 −0.18 ~ 0.22 0.843
Subscale 2: Respondent believes individuals are able to control their own suicidal tendencies
  Male −3.73 −0.12 −8.65 ~ 1.19 0.136
  Years working as a psychiatrist −0.11 −0.08 −0.32 ~ 0.10 0.303
Subscale 3: Respondent holds stigmatizing attitudes about suicide
  Male −2.91 −0.10 −7.31 ~ 1.49 0.193
  Years working as a psychiatrist 0.06 0.05 −0.13 ~ 0.25 0.538
  Psychiatrist from tertiary psychiatric center −5.95 −0.20 −10.28 ~ −1.63 0.007
Subscale 4: Respondent is understanding of and feels empathy for persons with suicidal behavior
  Male 9.43 0.28 4.50 ~ 14.36 <0.001
  Years working as a psychiatrist 0.06 0.04 −0.18 ~ 0.29 0.638
  Years of education 2.13 0.22 0.59 ~ 3.66 0.007
Subscale 5: Respondent believes suicidal behavior is an effective method of controlling others
  Male 5.09 0.16 0.26 ~ 9.92 0.039
  Years working as a psychiatrist −0.08 −0.06 −0.29 ~ 0.12 0.422
Subscale 6: Respondent believes that suicide is an important social problem
  Male 0.34 0.01 −4.51 ~ 5.18 0.892
  Years working as a psychiatrist 0.03 0.02 −0.18 ~ 0.24 0.766
  Psychiatrist from tertiary psychiatric center −7.03 −0.22 −11.80 ~ −2.26 0.004
Subscale 7: Respondent believes that suicides and suicide attempts are essentially different
  Male −2.63 −0.06 −9.01 ~ 3.75 0.418
  Years working as a psychiatrist −0.48 −0.26 −0.75 ~ −0.21 0.001
  1. aThe seven attitudes are assessed on continuous scales with a range of 0 to 100. In all seven analyses two variables were initially forced into the model (gender, and years of working as a psychiatrist) and then four other variables (type of hospital [tertiary psychiatric center v. district hospital or rehabilitation center], professional status [entered as two dummy variables using attending psychiatrist as the reference group], years of education, and whether or not the clinician’s current work was limited to inpatient service provision) were entered by a forward stepwise method if significant at the p < 0.05 level.