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Table 16 DSM-5 diagnosis of specific phobia

From: Canadian clinical practice guidelines for the management of anxiety, posttraumatic stress and obsessive-compulsive disorders

• Marked fear or anxiety about a specific object or situation (e.g., flying, seeing blood)
• The phobic object or situation almost always provokes immediate fear or anxiety and is actively avoided or endured with marked fear or anxiety
• The fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the specific object or situation
• The fear, anxiety, or avoidance is persistent, typically ≥6 months
• There is marked distress or functional impairment
  1. Adapted from DSM-5 [26].