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Table 1 Guidelines and their recommendations for emergency management

From: TREC-Rio trial: a randomised controlled trial for rapid tranquillisation for agitated patients in emergency psychiatric rooms [ISRCTN44153243]

Date Source Guideline Pharmacological recommendation
1999 USA Expert Consensus Guidelines Series [10] Give conventional antipsychotics for patients who require IM medications
1998 UK Royal College of Psychiatrists [22] Use rapid acting antipsychotics oral, IM, IV or rapid acting benzodiazepines such as lorazepam