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Table 1 The characteristics of suicides carried out within a week of discharge compared to other suicides with previous hospitalisations

From: The characteristics of suicides within a week of discharge after psychiatric hospitalisation – a nationwide register study

  Suicide later % Suicide within a week from discharge % All % Age- and sex adjusted logistic model
  N = 6689 N = 1407 N = 8096 Exp(B) 95,0% C.I.
Age, y * 41.5 43.6    
Male 70.4 63.3 69.2 ref  
Female * 29.6 36.7 30.9 2.30 2.10 – 2.58
Marital status *
Unmarried 43.2 47.1 43.9 1.29 1.12–1.49
Widow 5.4 5.8 5.5 0.90 0.70 – 1.17
Separated 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.08 0.56–2.06
Divorced 23.6 16.3 22.4 1.00 0.85 – 1.18
Married 26.8 30.1 27.3 ref  
Education *
High grade 12.5 16.9 13.3 1.57 1.34–1.83
Middle grade 36.5 34.5 36.2 1.07 0.94 – 1.21
Low grade 50.9 48.6 50.5 ref  
Socioeconomic status *
Upper employee 4.1 5.8 4.4 1.78 1.37 – 2.33
Lower employee 8.8 11.9 9.3 1.51 1.22 – 1.86
Entrepreneur 17.0 15.4 16.7 1.25 0.95 – 1.63
Worker 4.9 5.5 5.0 0.91 0.75 – 1.10
Student 5.1 7.4 5.5 1.24 0.97 – 1.59
Retired 37.5 38.6 37.7 2.54 2.11 – 3.06
Other or undetermined 22.6 15.4 21.4 ref  
Suicide method *
Intoxication, any substance 33.7 17.3 30.9 0.89 0.73 – 1.08
Hanging or other suffocation 27.5 34.3 28.7 1.44 1.21 – 1.71
Drowning 6.6 16.4 8.3 3.38 2.75 – 4.16
Shooting or exploding 10.2 6.6 9.6 0.40 0.31 – 0.51
Jumping from heights 5.4 11.2 6.4 3.29 2.63 – 4.10
Other 16.6 14.2 16.2 ref  
Discharge diagnosis *
Substance-related disorders 19.2 3.7 16.5 0.3 0.22 – 0.47
Schizophrenia and similar psychoses 25.4 37.2 27.4 2.3 1.67 – 3.07
Affective disorders 33.1 45.6 35.2 2.3 1.68 – 3.08
Neurotic-, stress-related and somatoform disorders 7.3 4.1 6.7 0.9 0.58 – 1.28
Personality disorders 9.2 5.7 8.6 0.9 0.63 – 1.33
Other 6.0 .7 5.6 ref  
  1. * = in univariate testing, all significant at level p < 0.001