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Table 1 Numbers of women in each scoring category on DASS-21 depression, anxiety and stress scales for each classified group (depressed, anxious-depressed, anxious, and stressed), and the number of women with corresponding EPDS identifications

From: Anxiety and stress in the postpartum: Is there more to postnatal distress than depression?

  Mild Moderate Severe Extremely Severe No EPDS identification (i.e., unlikely depressed)
Depressedgroup (N = 38)      
on DASS-depression 24 12 1 1  
   on EPDS-likely depressed 14 9a 1 1 12
Anxious-depressed group (N = 23)      
on DASS-depression 3 9 9 2  
   on EPDS-likely depressed 3 7 9 2 2b
on DASS-anxiety 5 8 3 7  
   on EPDS-likely depressed 4 8 2 7 2b
Anxious group (N = 18)      
on DASS-anxiety 10 4 1 3  
   on EPDS-likely depressed 5 1 1 3 8
Stressed group (N = 15)      
on DASS-stress 8 4 3   
   on EPDS-likely depressed 2 1 2   10
  1. a Missing data for one woman who failed to complete the EPDS.
  2. b The EPDS missed 4 classifications, 2 on depression and 2 on anxiety, which accounted for 2 cases of anxious-depression.