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Table 3 Behavioural characteristics in children with and without insomnia and Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.

From: Insomnia in school-age children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism

ASSQ or SDQ score (mean, SD) AS/HFA with insomnia (n = 10) AS/HFA without insomnia (n = 22) Chi2 (Wald) p
Parent ASSQ 26.4 (8.1) 18.5 (8.0) 5.08 0.02
Teacher ASSQ 20.0 (9.0) 21.4 (10.6) 0.15 ns
Parent SDQ     
   prosocial behaviour 4.9 (2.8) 7.0 (2.1) 4.18 0.04
   hyperact 5.7 (1.7) 4.9 (2.5) 0.78 ns
   emotional 6.2 (1.7) 3.4 (2.1) 6.76 0.009
   conduct 3.0 (2.3) 1.9 (1.4) 2.34 ns
   peer 5.2 (2.2) 4.5 (2.6) 1.31 ns
   total 20.4 (5.5) 14.8 (6.5) 5.02 0.02
Teacher SDQ     
   prosocial behaviour 5.1 (2.7) 5.5 (2.3) 0.19 ns
   hyperact 6.7 (2.5) 4.6 (2.7) 3.88 0.04
   emotional 4.8 (2.6) 2.8 (2.1) 4.33 0.03
   conduct 2.1 (1.5) 2.0 (1.7) 0.001 ns
   peer 4.6 (2.2) 3.7 (2.8) 0.78 ns
   total 18.4 (4.1) 13.5 (7.9) 3.11 ns
  1. Each row is a separate logistic regression analysis. Dependent variable: occurrence of insomnia (yes-no), independent: ASSQ (The High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire) or SDQ (The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) score, controlling for age of the child. ns = no statistically significant.