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Table 1 Percentage of Australian and Japanese respondents who 'agree' or 'strongly agree' with each statement from the Personal stigma scale

From: Stigma in response to mental disorders: a comparison of Australia and Japan

Statement Depression Vignette Depression/Suicidal Vignette Early Schizophrenia Vignette Chronic Schizophrenia Vignette
Person could snap out of the problem
Australian 24.7 (21.7%–27.9%) 22.7 (19.9%–25.7%) 18.3 (15.6%–21.3%) 17.9 (15.0%–21.2%)
Japanese 47.2 * d (42.8%–51.6%) 49.4 * d (45.0%–53.8%) 41.2* (36.9%–45.5%) 36.4 * a,b (32.2%–40.6%)
Problem is a sign of personal weakness
Australian 13.4 (11.0%–16.2%) 16.9 (14.4%–19.6%) 19.3 (16.6%–22.4%) 14.0 (11.7%–16.7%)
Japanese 45.4* (41.0%–49.8%) 45.0* (40.6%–49.4%) 46.6* (42.2%–51.0%) 46.0* (41.6%–50.4%)
Problem is not a real medical illness
Australian 14.6 (12.3%–17.1%) 15.2 (13.0%–17.8%) 14.9 (12.7%–17.4%) 13.9 (11.7%–16.6%)
Japanese 40.2* (35.9%–44.5%) 38.4* (34.1%–42.7%) 31.4* (27.3%–35.5%) 35.8* (31.6%–40.0%)
People with this problem are dangerous
Australian 11.9 c,d (9.8%–14.3%) 18.3 c (15.7%–21.2%) 24.9 a,b (22.2%–27.8%) 22.5 a (19.6%–25.7%)
Japanese 14.6 d (11.5%–17.7%) 16.0 d (12.8%–19.2%) 20.4 d (16.9%–23.9%) 37.6 * a,b,c (33.3%–41.9%)
Avoid people with this problem
Australian 6.9 (5.3%–9.0%) 4.7 (3.5%–6.4%) 4.9 (3.6%–6.6%) 5.2 (3.9%–7.0%)
Japanese 7.8 d (5.4%–10.2%) 5.8 c,d (3.7%–7.9%) 11.8 *,b (9.0%–14.6%) 17.8 * a,b (14.4%–21.2%)
People with this problem are unpredictable
Australian 42.2 c,d (38.8%–45.6%) 51.1 c,d (47.6%–54.5%) 67.1 a,b (63.9%–70.1%) 67.5 a,b (64.1%–70.7%)
Japanese 18.6 * c,d (15.2%–22.0%) 20.0 * c,d (16.5%–23.5%) 31.0 * a,b,d (26.9%–35.1%) 45.6 * a,b,c (41.2%–50.0%)
If I had this problem I wouldn't tell anyone
Australian 17.0 c,d (14.5%–19.9%) 21.5 d (18.8%–24.3%) 26.7 a (23.8%–29.8%) 31.1 a,b (28.1%–34.3%)
Japanese 26.8 * d (22.9%–30.7%) 24.8 c,d (21.0%–28.6%) 35.0 b (30.8%–39.2%) 37.2 a,b (32.9%–41.5%)
I would not employ someone with this problem
Australian 21.6 d (19.2%–24.3%) 22.5 d (19.8%–25.4%) 24.8 (22.0%–27.9%) 32.4 a,b (29.2%–35.8%)
Japanese 38.6 * d (34.3%–42.9%) 38.6 * d (34.3%–42.9%) 47.6 * d (43.2%–52.0%) 61.2 * a,b,c (56.9%–65.5%)
I would not vote for a politician with this problem
Australian 30.1 d (26.9%–33.4%) 32.5 d (29.4%–35.8%) 35.3 d (32.2%–38.5%) 45.7 a,b,c (42.5%–49.0%)
Japanese 58.0 * d (53.7%–62.3%) 53.8 * d (49.4%–58.2%) 58.0 * d (53.7%–62.3%) 73.8 * a,b,c (69.9%–77.7%)
  1. symbols flagging table entries denote a small (Cohen's h ≥ 0.2) to moderate (Cohen's h ≥ 0.5) effect size relative to a depression; bdepression with suicidal ideation; cearly schizophrenia; dchronic schizophrenia; *Australian prevalence
  2. Unbolded symbols indicate a small effect size. Bolded symbols denote a moderate effect size.