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Table 2 Percentage of Australian and Japanese respondents who 'agree' or 'strongly agree' with each statement from the Perceived stigma scale

From: Stigma in response to mental disorders: a comparison of Australia and Japan

Social Situation Depression Vignette Depression/Suicidal Vignette Early Schizophrenia Vignette Chronic Schizophrenia Vignette
Person could snap out of the problem
Australian 58.9 d (55.4%–62.4%) 59.9 d (56.5%–63.2%) 51.6 (48.5%–54.8%) 47.9 a,b (44.4%–51.4%)
Japanese 45.4 * d (41.0%–49.8%) 38.2* (33.9%–42.5%) 37.0* (32.8%–41.2%) 35.4 * a (31.2%–39.6%)
Problem is a sign of personal weakness
Australian 52.6 (49.2–56.0%) 55.2 (51.9%–58.5%) 52.0 (48.7%–55.3%) 51.4 (47.9%–54.9%)
Japanese 58.2 (53.9%–62.5%) 54.2 (49.8%–58.6%) 57.4 (53.1%–61.7%) 57.8 (53.5%–62.1%)
Problem is not a real medical illness
Australian 52.4 (49.1–55.7%) 54.2 (50.9%–57.4%) 47.1 (43.9%–50.4%) 47.4 (44.0%–50.8%)
Japanese 45.0 (40.6%–49.4%) 38.8* (34.5%–43.1%) 38.8 (34.5%–43.1%) 46.2 (41.8%–50.6%)
People with this problem are dangerous
Australian 37.8 c,d (34.5%–41.3%) 42.1 c,d (38.9%–45.4%) 58.5 a,b (55.1%–61.8%) 60.2a,b (56.6%–63.7%)
Japanese 32.6 c,d (28.5%–36.7%) 30.0 * c,d (26.0%–34.0%) 51.4 a,b,d (47.0%–55.8%) 63.6 a,b,c (59.4%–67.8%)
Avoid people with this problem
Australian 35.6d (32.3%–39.0%) 37.3 (34.1%–40.6%) 39.8 (36.5%–43.2%) 46.1a (42.3%–50.0%)
Japanese 32.2 c,d (28.1%–36.3%) 30.2 c,d (26.2%–34.2%) 51.4 * a,b (47.0%–55.8%) 59.0 * a,b (54.7%–63.3%)
People with this problem are unpredictable
Australian 65.6 c,d (62.3%–68.8%) 68.7 c,d (65.5%–71.8%) 78.4 a,b (75.3%–81.2%) 82.5 a,b (79.6%–85.1%)
Japanese 35.8 * c,d (31.6%–40.0%) 36.4 * c,d (32.2%–40.6%) 58.6 * a,b (54.3%–62.9%) 67.4 * a,b (63.3%–71.5%)
If they had this problem most people wouldn't tell anyone
Australian 63.1 (59.8%–66.3%) 67.1 (63.8%–70.2%) 67.7 (64.3%–70.9%) 71.4 (68.0%–74.6%)
Japanese 37.8 * c,d (33.5%–42.1%) 35.2 * c,d (31.0%–39.4%) 49.8 * a,b (45.4%–54.2%) 48.4 * a,b (44.0%–52.8%)
Most people would not employ someone with this problem
Australian 69.1 d (66.1%–72.0%) 72.3 d (69.1%–75.3%) 76.7 d (73.6%–79.5%) 85.2 a,b,c (82.6%–87.4%)
Japanese 65.6 b,d (61.4%–69.8%) 55.2 * a,c,d (50.8%–59.6%) 72.8 b (68.9%–76.7%) 79.2 a,b (75.6%–82.8%)
Most people would not vote for a politician with this problem
Australian 69.0 d (65.9%–72.0%) 70.8 d (67.5%–73.8%) 76.6 (73.6%–79.5%) 83.7 a,b (81.0%–86.1%)
Japanese 73.6 b,d (69.7%–77.5%) 63.6 a,c,d (59.4%–67.8%) 72.0 b,d (68.1%–75.9%) 82.0 a,b,c (78.6%–85.4%)
  1. symbols flagging table entries denote a small (Cohen's h ≥ 0.2) to moderate (Cohen's h ≥ 0.5) effect size relative to a depression; b depression with suicidal ideation; cearly schizophrenia; dchronic schizophrenia; *Australian prevalence.
  2. Unbolded symbols indicate a small effect size. Bolded symbols denote a moderate effect size.