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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic, insight and neuropsychological variables comparison between patients remaining in the study and those who refused to participate in follow-up assessment.

From: Insight dimensions and cognitive function in psychosis: a longitudinal study

  Remaining patients (n = 56) Refusers (n = 19) t-pair test or chi-square P
Age 33,71 ± 9,00 35,00 ± 11,40 ,50 ,61
Education (years) 10,73 ± 3,24 9,21 ± 1,96 -2,44 ,01
N of episodes 5,16 ± 4,74 6,00 ± 7,08 ,57 ,56
Age at onset 24,53 ± 6,80 24,73 ± 8,51 ,10 ,91
Gender: males (%) 35 (62,5) 24 (64.9%) 1.12 .57
Civil: single (%) 41 (73,2) 30 (81.1%) 3.15 .20
PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS     
Psychotic 1 ± 1,18 1.37 ± 1.33 -1.13 .26
Negative 1,51 ± 1,15 1.58 ± 1.08 -.22 .82
Disorganization ,72 ± ,88 .70 ± .82 ,08 .93
Depression ,50 ± ,73 .63 ± .83 -.65 .51
Mania ,23 ± ,50 .26 ± .45 -.24 .81
INSIGHT MEASURES #     
ITAQ (total score) 12,26 ± 7,58 10,63 ± 7,22 -,82 ,41
SUMD     
Lack of Awareness, total score     
   Current illness 2,66 ± 1,36 3,02 ± 1,30 ,95 ,34
   Past illness 2,63 ± 1,22 2,79 ± 1,27 ,49 ,62
Mistaken Attribution, total score     
   Current illness 2,65 ± 1,33 3,25 ± 1,29 1,53 ,13
   Past illness 2,53 ± 1,26 3,13 ± 1,10 1,76 ,08
AMDP     
Lack of feeling of illness 1,42 ± 1,12 2,05 ± 1,07 2,11 ,03
Lack of Insigt 1,64 ± 1,15 2,05 ± 1,07 1,36 ,17
Refusal of treatment ,82 ± ,99 ,78 ± 1,08 -,12 ,90
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS     
Edinburgh test 12.47 ± .4.91 12.89 ± 8.16 -.44 .66
Information (WAIS) 11.04 ± .2.46 10.68 ± 2.19 .73 .46
Word Fluency 15.97 ± .4.64 15.63 ± 5.64 .37 .71
Stroop PC 30.53 ± .7.97 29.84 ± 9.30 .43 .66
Stroop Interference 42.41 ± .7.72 42.68 ± 10.14 -.18 .86
WISCONSIN CARD SORTING TEST     
Perseverative responses 30.81 ± .22.50 27.05 ± 17.04 .84 .40
Number of categories 3.88 ± .1.97 3.87 ± 2.01 -.04 .97
Trail Making test B (seconds) 181.96 ± 117.30 216.89 ± 149.66 -1.26 .21
Inmediate Verbal Memory 11.74 ± 3.81 10.92 ± 4.64 1.09 .27
Delayed VerbalMemory 11.72 ± 4.19 10.84 ± 4.39 1.06 .29
  1. # Higher scores on ITAQ. Lower scores in awareness into symptoms and attribution scales of SUMD scale and AMDP items reflected better insight.
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