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Table 2 Differences between baseline and follow-up assessments on insight and neuropsychological variables.

From: Insight dimensions and cognitive function in psychosis: a longitudinal study

  BASELINE ASSESSMENT FOLLOW-UP ASSESSMENT STATISTICAL DIFFERENCES
  Mean SD Mean SD t-pair test p
Insight Measures# ITAQ (total score) 12.26 7.58 16.21 7.61 -4.54 .001
SUMD       
Lack of Awareness, total score       
   Current illness 2,66 1.36 2.45 1.15 1.69 .10
   Past illness 2.63 1.22 2.39 1.20 1.02 .31
Mistaken Attribution, total score Current illness 2.65 1.33 2.97 1.12 -.79 .43
   Past illness 2.53 1.26 2.83 1.28 -.26 .79
   AMDP       
Lack of feeling of illness 1.42 1.12 1.01 1.14 3.12 .003
Lack of Insigt 1.64 1.15 1.30 1.08 2.30 .02
Refusal of treatment .82 .99 .41 .83 2.46 .01
Neuropsychological Tests       
Information (WAIS) 11.04 2.46 11.87 2.54 -3.82 .001
Word Fluency 15.97 4.64 17.51 5.71 -2.06 .04
Stroop Interference 42.41 7.72 46.39 6.09 -4.12 .001
Perseverative Responses (WCST) 30.81 22.50 26.53 22.51 2.29 .02
Number of Categories (WCST) 3.88 1.97 4.06 2.03 -.72 .47
Trailb Making Test B (Seconds) 186.96 117.30 177.23 169.32 -.41 .68
Inmediate Verbal Memory 11.74 3.81 13.30 4.06 -2.69 .01
Delayed Verbal Memory 11.72 4.19 14.13 4.44 -3.94 .001
  1. *Critical p value after Bonferroni correction (1 × 23) p ≤ 0.0021 (in bold)
  2. # Higher scores on ITAQ. Lower scores in awareness into symptoms and attribution scales of SUMD scale and AMDP items reflected better insight.
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