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Table 17 Relationships of stress-related measures, personality and social functioning with the 4DSQ scales; standardised Beta-coefficients and explained variance R2 (results from multiple regression analysis)

From: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization

  Study Standardised Beta coefficients R2
   Distress Depression Anxiety Somatization  
Stress-related measures       
- Life events A 0.18* -0.12 0.04 0.09 0.04
- Life events G 0.31 0.07 -0.24 0.10 0.11
- Psychosocial problems A 0.47*** 0.13* 0.08 0.04 0.42
- Psychosocial problems G 0.35* 0.08 0.04 0.09 0.24
- Psychological job demands (JCQ) B 0.26*** -0.09*** -0.04 0.03 0.05
- Decision latitude (JCQ) B -0.12*** -0.02 -0.05* -0.07** 0.04
- Social support (JCQ) B -0.20*** -0.02 0.01 -0.03 0.05
Personality       
- Neuroticism (Ormel) A 0.38*** 0.20*** 0.10* 0.22*** 0.57
- Neuroticism (Ormel) G 0.39** 0.23* 0.04 0.31** 0.65
- Neuroticism (NEO-FFI) F 0.16 0.23* 0.20* 0.10 0.33
- Mastery B -0.35*** -0.12*** -0.05** -0.05* 0.25
- Mastery C -0.33*** -0.27*** -0.07 -0.08 0.32
- STAI-trait H 0.56*** -0.08 0.23*** 0.06 0.44
Social functioning       
- SF-36 PCS a F 0.06 -0.07 0.07 -0.41*** 0.13
- SF-36 MCSb F -0.51*** -0.05 -0.21* 0.13 0.39
- Social functioning (5 items) A -0.40*** -0.05 0.02 -0.21*** 0.33
- Social functioning (5 items) G -0.50** -0.05 0.06 -0.22 0.41
- Sick leave c A 1.07** 0.91 1.00 1.04 0.12d
- Sick leave c G 1.26** 0.67 1.12 1.14 0.46d
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001 (2-tailed)
  2. a Physical Component Score
  3. b Mental Component Score
  4. c logistic regression: Odds Ratios in stead of Standardised Beta coefficients
  5. d R2 (Nagelkerke)