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Table 1 Patients' psychiatric history

From: The management of bipolar mania: a national survey of baseline data from the EMBLEM study in Italy

Characteristic Results
Age at onset of mood symptoms, mean ± SD (range):  
   Age at first symptoms of bipolar disorder 29.7 ± 11.1 (2–77) years
   Age at onset of manic or mixed episodes 31.4 ± 11.8 (2–77) years
   Age at onset of depressive episodes 31.3 ± 11.9 (0–74) years
Age at start of treatment mean ± SD (range):  
   Age at first treatment of mood symptoms 31.3 ± 10.9 (13–74) years
   Age at first contact with psychiatric services 32.9 ± 12.0 (13–74) years
   Age of first admission for psychiatric symptoms 32.9 ± 12.2 (0–79) years
Psychiatric services used in the past 12 months, mean ± SD (range):  
   Number of admissions due to bipolar disorders 1.1 ± 3.8 (0–61)
   Number of days in inpatient facility 10.7 ± 20.3 (0–148)
   Number of days in day care 5.2 ± 25.0 (0–300)
   Number of outpatients consultations 10.6 ± 13.5 (0–100)
Number (%) of Alcohol users/abusers/dependents.  
   Users 129 (23.3)
   Abusers 42 (7.6)
   Dependant 4 (0.7)
Number (%) of Cannabis: users/abusers/dependents  
   Users 30 (5.5)
   Abusers 13 (2.4)
   Dependant 2 (0.4)
Number (%) of other substances users/abusers/dependents  
   Users 8 (1.4)
   Abusers 10 (1.8)
   Dependant 2 (0.4)