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Table 3 Frequency and illness attribution of classes of causes in the Turkish community

From: Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants

     Mean % classed to cause
  Number of Items Mean % of sample believing this Cross-item range of % of sample Somatic Illness (S) Mental Illness (M) Mental & Somatic (MS)
NATURAL CAUSATION       
Stress       
INFECT: Infection/Infestation 4 58.3 28.4 – 88.1 69.0 2.0 23.2
PHTR: Physical Stress 15 72.1 28.2 – 91.2 62.8 6.6 27.4
PSTR: Psychological Stress 10 66.0 37.8 – 88.5 13.4 62.9 21.4
LITR: Life Events/Circumstances Stress 17 59.6 27.9 – 76.1 3.7 68.2 25.1
Organic and Accident       
ORGAN: Organic Deterioration 23 66.6 21.9 – 76.1 55.5 11.3 29.4
ACCID: Accident Plus (Accidental Causation/Overt Human Aggression/Constitution/Inheritance) 9 67.7 30.4 – 88.5 32.8 14.3 48.8
SUPERNATURAL CAUSATION       
Mystical Causation       
FATE 5 13.0 1.4 – 33.1 24.3 26.8 39.2
OMEN: Ominous Sensations 2 22.0 19.1 – 25.0 7.8 53.2 29.0
CONTA: Contagion 3 9.5 3.4 – 19.6 34.3 29.9 16.6
RETA: Accidental Mystical Retribution 5 8.8 3.6 – 18.7 24.6 42.4 16.2
RETN: Non-accidental Mystical Retribution 12 16.2 7.9 – 29.1 12.8 57.0 23.0
Animistic/Magical Causation       
MAGIC: Animistic/Magical 9 15.5 8.8 – 12.2 11.1 42.9 33.2
METAPHYSICAL CAUSATION       
META: Metaphysical 5 47.1 37.8 – 51.8 66.0 2.7 25.7