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Table 2 Post-traumatic stress symptoms

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents one year after a super-cyclone in Orissa, India: exploring cross-cultural validity and vulnerability factors

Post-traumatic stress symptoms Total Exposure
   Low (n = 179) High (n = 268)
  % % %
Experiencing distress when reminded or exposed to cues 83.4 76.0 88.4**
Actual or preferred avoidance 60.0 69.3 53.7**
Distressing persistent recollection 53.0 16.8 77.2*
Difficulty recollecting some aspects of the cyclone 41.6 54.2 37.2*
Hypervigilance 41.2 7.3 63.8*
Difficulty in concentrating 36.9 15.1 51.5*
Exaggerated startle 36.2 5.6 56.7*
Irritability or outbursts of anger 24.8 1.1 40.7*
Reexperiencing, reliving 24.4 7.8 35.4*
Recurring dreams 18.8 15.6 20.9
Difficulty in falling or staying in sleep 8.3 3.9 11.2**
  1. *p < 0.001; **p < 0.01