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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of demographic variables and cumulative trauma variables associated with PTSD and depression

From: Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern Uganda

Variable PTSD (N = 657) Depression (N = 815)
  OR [95% CI] P value OR [95% CI] P value
Demographic Variables     
   female 2.20 [1.67–2.90] <0.01 4.12 [2.91–5.84] <0.01
   no longer married* 1.80 [1.26–2.59] <0.01 2.62 [1.46–4.69] <0.01
   displaced > 5 miles from home NA NA 1.46 [1.18–1.82] <0.01
Cumulative trauma events     
   0–3 trauma events ref   ref  
   4–7 trauma events 2.43 [1.3–4.4] <0.01 2.31 [1.4–3.8] <0.01
   8–11 trauma events 4.62 [2.7–7.8] <0.01 5.07 [3.1–8.4] <0.01
   12–16 trauma events 6.51 [3.7–11.3] <0.01 5.84 [3.5–9.7] <0.01
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; OR, odds ratio (adjusted); NA, not applicable as not statistically significant (P > 0.05).
  2. * No longer married includes divorced/separated, widowed, forcibly separated.
  3. Multivariate analysis for demographic variables in table, and cumulative trauma event categories. Only statistically significant demographic variables (P < 0.05) following univariate analysis included in multivariate analysis.
  4. Only statistically significant (P < 0.05) adjusted odds ratios from multivariate analysis presented.
  5. Symptoms of PTSD (HTQ PTSD Score = ≥2.0) and depression (HSCL score = ≥1.75)