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Table 2 Stress Scores for the Different Groups and Periods of Life

From: Stress load during childhood affects psychopathology in psychiatric patients

  ELSa
Events
Stress load
PPSb
Events
Stress load
ASc
Events
Stress load
PDSd
Events
(Range)
PSQe
Events
(Range)
Patients (N = 96) 5.89 ± 5.8 11.01 ± 7.1 5.03 ± 3.6 2.2 ± 1.9 3.7 ± 3.4
  46.4 ± 70.4 172.2 ± 176.7 135.7 ± 155.8 (0–8) (0–14)
Comparison Ss (N = 31) 1.77 ± 2.2 4.39 ± 3.58 4.94 ± 3.1 0.65 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 1.8
  10.7 ± 17.5 45.1 ± 66.0 45.7 ± 49.3 (0–3) (0–6)
Group differences: 14.84, p < .01 24.62, p < .001 F < 1. n.s. 19.14, 11.57,
F(1,125) = 8.15, p < .01 15.29, p < .001 9.99, p < .01 p < .001 p < .001
  1. Note. The Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) assesses stress load in four domains: general trauma, physical abuse, emotional neglect, and sexual abuse. Two scores are presented: the cumulated number of experienced events (top rows) and the stress load calculated accordingly to the ETI guidelines (bottom row). aELS: Early life stress covers stress load in the time period before the age of 6 years. bPPS: Pre-pubertal stress covers stress load in the time period before the individual onset of puberty. cAS: Adulthood stress covers stress load in the time period between puberty and the current age. dPDS: Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale assesses the number of traumatic experiences across life. ePSQ: Prenatal Stress Questionnaire assesses adverse events experienced by the clients' mother during pregnancy. Results are presented in the format M ± SD, score ranges are added in brackets.