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Table 4 Stress Scores for the Diagnostic Subgroups and Periods of Life

From: Stress load during childhood affects psychopathology in psychiatric patients

Diagnostic Subgroup ELS
Events
Stress load
PPS
Events
Stress load
AS
Events
Stress load
PDS
Events
PSQ
Events
Major Depressive Dis. (N = 39) 7.3 ± 5.6 12.1 ± 6.7 5.4 ± 3.9 2.44 ± 1.8 4.13 ± 3.7
  51.5 ± 61.1 194.1 ± 175.6 161.3 ± 188.9   
Schizophrenia (N = 32) 3.5 ± 4.1 7.6 ± 5.6 3.9 ± 2.8 1.06 ± 1.5 2.84 ± 2.5
  29.9 ± 57.6 100.0 ± 136.0 91.0 ± 115.0   
Drug Abuse (N = 15) 3.2 ± 3.8 10.0 ± 6.1 5.9 ± 4.1 2.8 ± 1.9 2.8 ± 2.7
  23.1 ± 36.4 140.1 ± 108.2 155.7 ± 153.1   
Personality Disorder (N = 10) 12.1 ± 7.6 20.2 ± 7.3 5.7 ± 3.5 3.8 ± 0.9 6.5 ± 4.2
  122.8 ± 121.0 366.4 ± 230.5 149.9 ± 113.7   
Subgroup differences: 9.32*** 10.13*** 1.58, n.s. 8.81*** 3.84**
F(3,91) = 5.91** 7.43*** 1.35, n.s.   
  1. Note: See note in Table 2: Data represent the cumulated number of experienced events (top rows) and the stress load calculated accordingly to the ETI guidelines (bottom row). ELS: Early life stress before the age of 6 years. PPS: Prepubertal stress before the individual onset of puberty. AS: Adulthood stress between puberty and the current age. PDS: number of traumatic experiences across life. PSQ: Prenatal Stress Questionnaire; see note in Table 2. Results are presented in the format M ± SD. Statistical significance: *: p < .05, **: p < .01, ***: p < .001.