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Table 7 Relationship between Stress Load and Measures of Psychopathology

From: Stress load during childhood affects psychopathology in psychiatric patients

  ELS-events/
ELS-scores
PPS-events/
PPS-scores
AS-events/
AS-scores
BPRS    
patients: r s = .22*/.21* n.s. n.s.
PANAS-negative affect    
patients: r s = .40***/.39*** r s = .39***/.37*** r s = n.s./.23*
comparison group: r s = .36*/n.s. n.s. n.s.
total sample: r s = .46 ***/.47*** r s = .46***/.48*** r s = n.s./.36***
high- vs. low-stress groups N = 28 vs. N = 40 N = 39 vs. N = 32  
  t(66) = 3.80 ** t(69) = 3.40**  
BDI    
patients: r s = .35***/.33** r s = .29**/.30** r s = n.s. ?/.22*
comparison group: n.s. n.s. n.s.
high- vs. low-stress groups N = 28 vs. N = 39 N = 39 vs. N = 32  
  t(65) = 3.16** t(69) = 3.33**  
PTSD symptoms (PDS)    
patients: r s =.46***/.50*** r s =.47***/.50*** r s =.32***/.42**
comparison group: n.s. n.s. n.s.
high- vs. low-stress groups N = 28 vs. N = 40 N = 39 vs. N = 32 N = 32 vs. N = 31
  t(66) = 5.39*** t(69) = 5.42*** t(61) = 3.58***
  1. Note: BPRS: Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. PANAS: Positive and Negative Affect Scale. BDI: Beck Depression Inventory. PTSD symptoms (PDS): severity (intrusions, avoidance, arousal) of the worst traumatic event according to Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale. Correlations are represented by Spearman's rho. Significance levels of correlation coefficients and subgroup comparisons: * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001.