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Table 3 Characteristics of patients in each crisis event subgroup prior to propensity score matching

From: Costs of treating patients with schizophrenia who have illness-related crisis events

  Crisis events
Characteristic Hospitalized in past 6 months Arrested in past 6 months Violent in past 4 weeks Concurrent substance abuse Attempted suicide in past 4 weeks Non-crisis event subgroup
Sample sizes       
Yes 240 56 62 413 18 938
No 1317 1469 1463 1144 1507 619
Age, years       
Yes 39 (10.3) 38.9 (9.7) 40.7 (10.0) 39.9 (9.8) 33.8 (11.0) 43.9 (11.4)
No 43 (11.2) 42.6 (11.1) 42.5 (11.1) 43.2 (11.4) 42.6 (11.0) 40 (10.2)
Age of Illness onset, yrs       
Yes 19.8 (8.6) 19.4 (6.3) 18.9 (7.8) 19.4 (8.3) 16.4 (5.8) 21.4 (9.1)
No 20.8 (8.9) 20.8 (9.0) 20.8 (9.0) 21.1 (9.0) 20.8 (9.0) 19.6 (8.5)
MADRS total score       
Yes 15.6 (11.0) 14.0 (10.5) 19.9 (12.0) 13.5 (10.8) 30.9 (12.5) 13.1 (9.8)
No 13.2 (10.0) 13.5 (10.1) 13.3 (10.0) 13.6 (10.0) 13.4 (10.0) 14.3 (10.8)
PANSS total score       
Yes 73.9 (18.4) 71.1 (15.7) 72.0 (18.8) 69.6 (19.1) 86.7 (16.9) 68.0 (17.8)
No 68.2 (18.2) 69.1 (18.5) 69.0 (18.4) 68.9 (18.0) 69.0 (18.3) 70.8 (19.0)
Medication days in 6 mos. prior to enrollment       
   Atypicals       
Yes 96.2 (82.9) 61.7 (81.1) 71.2 (84.4) 91.0 (87.0) 89.3 (82.2) 98.6 (87.5)
No 96.6 (87.7) 97.7 (86.9) 97.4 (86.9) 98.5 (86.9) 96.5 (87.0) 93.4 (86.2)
   Typicals       
Yes 72.2 (82.0) 95.9 (82.9) 98.4 (88.8) 98.1 (86.5) 60.9 (80.8) 90.3 (87.6)
No 93. 4 (87.4) 89.8 (87.1) 89.7 (86.9) 87.2 (86.9) 90.4 (87.0) 89.7 (85.8)
   Antidepressant       
Yes 54.2 (78.9) 55.1 (81.0) 71.2 (84.4) 53.1 (80.0) 74.7 (86.6) 61.3 (82.6)
No 60(82.3) 59.6 (82.0) 58.9 (81.8) 61.3 (82.4) 59.2 (81.9) 55.9 (80.6)
   Mood stabilizer       
Yes 64.1 (82.0) 41.3 (74.3) 46.4 (77.1) 38.7 (71.7) 61.0 (84.1) 45.5 (77.3)
No 43.5 (76.0) 47.0 (77.5) 46.8 (77.4) 49.6 (79.1) 46.6 (77.3) 48.6 (77.4)
   Other psychotropic       
Yes 71.0 (80.5) 63.8 (79.9) 99.1 (82.5) 79.3 (85.4) 36.1 (63.3) 74.1 (85.5)
No 76.4 (85.7) 75.7 (85.0) 74.3 (84.8) 74.2 (84.8) 75.7 (85.0) 77.7 (84.2)
Male, N (%)       
Yes 142 (59.2) 45 (80.4) 38 (61.3) 304 (73.6) 7 (38.9) 527 (56.2)
No 806 (61.2) 882 (60.0) 889 (60.8) 644 (56.3) 920 (61.0) 421 (68.0)
Single, N (%)       
Yes 149 (62.3) 46 (82.0) 26 (41.9) 262 (63.8) 11 (61.1) 549 (58.8)
No 789 (60.2) 871 (59.6) 891 (61.2) 676 (59.4) 906 (60.4) 389 (63.2)
Diagnosis, N (%)       
   Schizophrenia       
Yes 119 (49.6) 33 (58.9) 32 (51.6) 257 (62.2) 9 (50.0) 620 (66.1)
No 861 (65.4) 926 (63.0) 927 (63.4) 723 (63.2) 950 (63.0) 360 (58.2)
   Schizoaffective       
Yes 103 (42.9) 17 (30.4) 28 (45.2) 125 (30.3) 9 (50.0) 282 (30.1)
No 393 (29.8) 469 (31.9) 458 (31.3) 371 (32.4) 477 (31.7) 214 (34.6)
   Other psychotic       
Yes 19 (7.9) 6 (10.7) 2 (3.2) 31 (7.5) 0 38 (4.1)
No 65 (4.9) 77 (5.2) 81 (5.5) 53 (4.6) 83 (5.5) 46 (7.4)
  1. Means (standard deviations) unless otherwise specified. Patients may belong to more than one subgroup. Yes = with event; No = without event.
  2. PANSS, Positive and Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia scale
  3. MADRS, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale
  4. Atypicals = atypical antipsychotics
  5. Typicals = typical antipsychotics