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Table 1 Distribution of DSM-IV and Gillberg and Gillberg (G&G) criteria across the diagnostic categories

From: Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders

Type of DSM-IV PDD Autistic disorder
(N=5)
Asperger's disorder
(N=67)
PDD NOS
(N=50)
AS – PDD NOSa Total
(N=122)
Male
(N=82)
Female
(N=40)
Male – Femalea
  N % N % N % χ2
(df = 1)
p N % N % N % χ2
(df = 1)
p
DSM IV criterion A1 "Qualitative impairment in social interaction" 5 100 67 100 47 94 4.13 0.08 119 98 80 98 39 98 0.00 1.00
DSM-IV Criterion A2: "Qualitative impairment in communication" 5 100 34 51 18 36 2.52 0.13 57 47 41 50 16 40 1.08 0.34
DSM-IV Criterion A3: "Restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviour, interests, and activities" 5 100 65 97 29 58 27.60 <0.001 99 81 70 85 29 73 2.91 0.14
G&G Criterion 1; "Social interaction problems" 5 100 67 100 47 96 4.13 0.08 119 98 80 98 39 98 0.00 1.00
G&G Criterion 2: "Narrow interests" 5 100 64 96 33 67 17.61 <0.001 102 84 69 84 33 83 0.05 0.80
G&G Criterion 3; "Repetitive routines" 5 100 61 91 25 51 24.77 <0.001 91 75 62 76 29 73 0.14 0.83
G&G Criterion 4: "Speech and language" 5 100 56 84 22 45 20.19 <0.001 83 69 57 70 26 65 0.25 0.68
G&G Criterion 5: "Non-verbal communication problems" 5 100 66 99 37 76 16.33 <0.001 108 89 74 90 34 85 0.73 0.38
G&G Criterion 6: "Motor clumsiness" 5 100 57 85 31 63 8.18 0.005 94 78 60 73 33 83 1.29 0.37
  1. aFisher's exact χ 2 test