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Table 3 Lifetime rate of axis-I disorders in adults with autism spectrum disorders (N = 122, if not otherwise specified)

From: Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders

  Criteria met DSM-IV
  Autistic disorder
(N=5)
Asperger's disorder
(N=67)
PDD NOS
(N=50)
Total
(N=122)
AS – PDD NOSa Male
(N=82)
Female
(N=40)
Male – Femalea
  N % N % N % N % χ2
(df = 1)
p N % N % χ2
(df = 1)
p
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 2 40 24 36 26 52 52 43 3.06 0.09 35 43 17 43 0.00 1.00
Chronic tic disorders 0 0 14 21 11 22 25 20 0.02 1.00 20 24 5 13 2.33 0.16
Mood disorder 3 60 35 52 27 54 65 53 0.04 1.00 39 48 26 65 3.29 0.08
Psychotic disorders 0 0 10 15 5 10 15 12 0.62 0.58 13 16 2 5 2.94 0.14
Substance related disorders 1 20 4 6 14 28 19 16 10.67 0.002 14 17 5 13 0.43 0.60
Anxiety disorder N = 119 0 0 34 51 25 50 59 50 0.01 1.00 37 45 22 55 1.05 0.34
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder 0 0 14 21 15 30 29 24 1.27 0.29 16 20 13 33 2.50 0.12
Impulse control disorder 0 0 4 6 7 14 11 9 2.17 0.20 6 7 5 13 0.88 0.50
Somatoform disorder N = 119 0 0 2 3 4 8 6 5 1.48 0.40 4 5 2 5 0.00 1.00
Eating disorder N = 119 0 0 2 3 4 8 6 5 1.48 0.40 2 2 4 10 3.29 0.09
  1. aFisher's exact χ 2 test