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Table 4 Lifetime rate of axis-II disorders in adults with autism spectrum disorders (N = 117)

From: Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders

  Criteria met DSM-IV
  Autistic disorder
(N=5)
Asperger's disorder
(N=62)
PDD NOS
(N=50)
Total
(N=117)
AS – PDD NOSa Male
(N=77)
Female
(N=40)
Male – Femalea
  N % N % N % N % χ2 (df = 1) p N % N % χ2 (df = 1) p
Personality disorders                 
≥ 1 PD 1 20 42 68 30 60 73 62 0.72 0.43 46 60 27 68 0.68 0.43
≥ 2 PD 0 0 25 40 16 32 41 35 0.83 0.43 28 36 13 33 0.18 0.84
≥ 3 PD 0 0 11 18 9 18 20 17 0.00 1.00 13 17 7 18 0.01 1.00
Paranoid 0 0 12 19 10 20 22 19 0.01 1.00 15 20 7 18 0.07 1.00
Schizotypal 0 0 10 16 5 10 15 13 0.90 0.41 12 16 3 8 1.54 0.26
Schizoid 0 0 13 21 12 24 25 21 0.15 0.82 11 14 14 35 6.72 0.02
Histrionic - - - - - - 0 0 - - - - - - - -
Narcissistic 0 0 1 2 2 4 3 3 0.61 0.59 2 3 1 3 0.00 1.00
Borderline 0 0 4 7 6 12 10 9 1.05 0.34 4 5 6 15 3.24 0.09
Antisocial 0 0 0 0 4 8 4 3 5.14 0.04 3 4 1 3 0.16 1.00
Avoidant 0 0 18 29 11 22 29 25 0.62 0.52 21 28 8 20 0.81 0.50
Dependent 0 0 2 3 4 8 6 5 1.24 0.41 3 4 3 8 0.70 0.41
Obsessive 1 20 25 40 11 22 37 32 4.26 0.04 23 30 14 35 0.32 0.68
PD NOS - - - - - - 0 0 - - - - - - - -
  1. aFisher's exact χ 2 test