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Table 2 Logistic regression model predicting treatment received in past year (N = 2,074)

From: Influence of gender, sexual orientation, and need on treatment utilization for substance use and mental disorders: Findings from the California Quality of Life Survey

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Variable OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Predisposing Characteristics       
   Age 1.01 1.004, 1.02*   --   --
   Ethnicity (ref = white)       
Hispanic 0.46 0.35, 0.65***   --   --
African American 0.34 0.19, 0.62***   --   --
Asian/Pacific Islander 0.29 0.17, 0.54***   --   --
Native American 1.20 0.31, 3.28   --   --
Enabling Characteristics       
   Employed (Y/N) 0.78 0.61, 1.04   --   --
   Insured (Y/N) 1.22 0.86, 1.68   --   --
   Level of education (1–5) 1.00 0.90, 1.11   --   --
   Social support (high/low) 0.92 0.71, 1.26   --   --
   Married or partnered (Y/N) 0.85 0.66, 1.09   --   --
Need Characteristic       
   Any AOD or MH disorder (vs. none) 6.23 4.90, 7.92***   --   --
Gender/Sexual Orientation       --
   Female heterosexual referent   --   --
   Female lesbian/bisexual 2.08 1.25, 3.47** referent   --
   Male heterosexual 0.57 0.44, 0.73*** 0.27 0.16, 0.46*** referent
   Male gay/bisexual 1.57 1.01, 2.45* 0.75 0.40, 1.41 2.76 1.76, 4.36***
  1. Notes: OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, AOD = alcohol or other drug, MH = mental health
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001