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Table 17 Characteristics and quality of studies included in therapeutic relationship domain

From: A systematic review of the international published literature relating to quality of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems

Study (Country) Type(s) of Mental Illness Number of Participants Type of Study
(Type of Setting)
Quality Assessment
Allen et al 1985 (USA) Chronic and severe psychiatric disturbances 37 Cross-sectional study (long-term hospital unit) 9/14
Berger 2006 (Canada) Not specified 46 patients
17 staff
Cross-sectional study (inpatient and outpatient settings) 5/14
Catty 2004 (UK) Not specified Not specified Descriptive review (setting not specified) 6/14
Clarkin et al. 1987 (USA) Schizophrenia, personality disorder, affective disorder, acute illness 96 Cross-sectional study (inpatient setting) 7/14
Fakhoury et al. 2005 (UK) Schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder 41 patients
39 staff
Cross-sectional study (supported housing) 5/5; 9/14
Gehrs & Goering 1994 (Canada) Schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder 22 client-therapist dyads Case-control study (continuing care) 9/14
Gigantesco et al. 2002 (Italy) Not specified 855 patients
265 relatives
Cross-sectional study (inpatient and outpatient settings) 9/14
Hellzén 2004 (Sweden) Long-term mental illness 32 Focus group (psychiatric group dwellings) 4/5
Howgego et al. 2003 (USA) Not specified 533 patients
131 case managers/therapists
Systematic review & meta-analysis (2 meta-analyses & 7 studies) (inpatient and outpatient settings) 12/14
Johansson & Eklund 2004 (Sweden) Minority schizophrenia 61 Cross-sectional study (psychiatric inpatient ward) 8/14
McCabe et al. 1999 (UK) Schizophrenia 258 Cohort study (psychiatric hospital) 9/14
McCabe & Priebe 2004 (UK) Severe mental illness 2055 Descriptive review (setting not specified) 7/14
Mueser et al. 2002 (USA) Serious mental illness 3,079 Descriptive review (inpatient and outpatient settings) 6/14
Snyder et al.1995 (USA) Schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder 15 care home operators
30 patients
Case-control study (residential care homes) 8/14