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Table 1 Neurobiological correlates and overlap of symptoms with other psychiatric disorders [modified from 4].

From: Developmental psychopathology: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

disorder symptoms Involved neuroanatomic regions
Substance abuse Reduction of tension, enhancement of capacity to concentrate in certain situations, emotional stabilization Striatum, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex
Depressive disorders Problems with concentration, lack of drive, feelings of exhaustion, self doubts, social isolation, sleeping problems Prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, hippocampus, amygdala
Anxiety Disorders Self doubts, insecurity, phobic reactions, attention bias Prefrontal cortex, anterior cinguler cortex, insular- and orbitofrontar cortex, amygdala, ventral striatum, grey layers
Anti social personality disorder Problems abiding to social norms, lower threshold for aggressive-violent behavior lack of adaptive problem solving strategies, low tolerance to frustration Orbitofrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, limbic system
Borderline-personality disorder Disregulated emotional responsiveness, lack of adaptive problem solving strategies, affective instability, disorder of identity, instable but intensive relationships, inappropriate anger or problems to control anger Orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, amygdala