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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of variables associated with symptoms of PTSD and depression

From: Post-conflict mental health needs: a cross-sectional survey of trauma, depression and associated factors in Juba, Southern Sudan

Variable PTSD (N = 450) Depression (N = 620)
  OR [95% CI] P OR [95% CI] P
Sex (women compared to men) 2.01 [1.52–2.66] <0.01 2.37 [1.91–2.94] <0.01
No longer married∞ 2.10 [1.28–3.44] 0.01   
Forcefully displaced more than once† 1.81 [1.18–2.76] 0.01 2.12 [1.45–3.09] <0.01
Forcefully separated from family 1.91 [1.38–2.64] <0.01 1.80 [1.28–2.54] <0.01
Experiencing very ill health without medical care 1.89 [1.41–2.53] <0.01 2.22 [1.70–2.89] <0.01
Being injured 1.87 [1.49–2.36] <0.01 1.50 [1.15–1.94] <0.01
Experienced ≥8 trauma events in lifetime ‡ 2.44 [1.76–3.37] <0.01 2.21 [1.60–3.07] <0.01
Experienced ≥4 trauma events within 12 months‡ 2.89 [1.89–4.41] <0.01 2.09 [1.32–3.32] <0.01
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; OR, odds ratio (adjusted).
  2. Symptoms of PTSD (HTQ PTSD Score = ≥2.0) and depression (HSCL score = ≥1.75).
  3. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) demographic, displacement and all individual trauma exposure variables (Table 3) from univariate analysis included in multivariate analysis. Only significant (P < 0.05) adjusted odds ratios from multivariate analysis presented.
  4. ∞ No longer married (divorced/separated, widowed, forcefully separated) compared to married and never married;
  5. † Displaced more than once (refugees and IDPs) compared to displaced once or never displaced.
  6. ‡ Frequency of trauma events analysed separately from individual trauma exposure variables in multivariate analysis.