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Table 3 Prevalence of CBCL- and YSR-defined cases and symptoms at the CBCL and YSR scales by age group and proximity to disaster

From: Prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents one year after the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake

  CBCL 3–5 ys CBCL 6–10 ys CBCL 11–14 ys YSR 11–14 ys
  Earthquake epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected areas Total p Earthquake epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected areas Total p Earthquake epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected Areas Total p Earthquake epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected areas Total p
Valid Number 47 58 440 545   70 97 574 741   37 52 323 412   38 46 342 426  
Cases 8.5 10.3 11.1 10.8 0.853 22.9 13.4 15.5 15.9 0.218 8.1 15.4 14.9 14.3 0.525 7.9 0.0 4.7 4.5 0.198
Problems                     
Total 2.1 10.3 6.1 6.2 0.219 10.0 8.3 7.1 7.6 0.669 5.4 9.6 7.4 7.5 0.752 7.9 0.0 2.9 3.1 0.106
Internalizing 6.4 6.9 9.8 9.2 0.610 21.4 11.3 12.9 13.5 0.114 8.1 13.5 12.1 11.9 0.727 7.9 0.0 3.2 3.3 0.128
Externalizing 2.1 5.2 2.7 2.9 0.551 8.6 6.2 5.1 5.5 0.456 5.4 3.9 4.0 4.1 0.918 0.0 0.0 1.8 1.4 0.474
Affective 0.0 0.0 3.2 2.6 0.180 10.0 5.2 3.8 4.6 0.064 2.7 1.9 2.5 2.4 0.965 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.7 0.690
Anxiety 6.4 1.7 7.3 6.6 0.278 15.7 6.2 6.3 7.2 0.014 8.1 7.7 6.8 7.0 0.940 2.6 0.0 1.2 1.2 0.537
PTS - - - - - 10.0 4.1 2.8 3.6 0.009 5.4 3.9 1.2 1.9 0.125 2.6 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.445
Somatic - - - - - 2.9 0.0 1.9 1.8 0.314 10.8 1.9 4.3 4.6 0.126 2.6 0.0 2.3 2.1 0.569
ADH 4.3 3.5 2.1 2.4 0.547 4.3 1.0 2.6 2.6 0.417 0.0 3.9 1.9 1.9 0.420 2.6 2.2 1.5 1.6 0.827
Oppositional defiant 0.0 1.7 0.5 0.6 0.408 2.9 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.316 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 2.6 0.0 1.5 1.4 0.585
Conduct - - - - - 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.664 2.7 0.0 1.2 1.2 0.516 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.7 0.690
Pervasive development 0.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 0.680 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  1. Note: Valid numbers are expressed as quantities, all other data are expressed in percentages.
  2. Differences among the subsamples from different areas are calculated by χ2 test.
  3. ADH, attention deficit and hyperactivity; CBCL, Child Behavior Checklist; PTS, post-traumatic stress; YSR, Youth Self Report.