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Table 1 Means and standard deviations (SD) of scores on aggression measures for total sample and by socio-demographic characteristics

From: Aggression in children with behavioural/emotional difficulties: seeing aggression on television and video games

  MAVRIC-C MAVRIC-P CAS-P verbal CAS-P objects & animals CAS-P provoked physical CAS-P initiated physical CAS-P weapons CAS-P total score
Total 14.59 14.65 8.83 2.36 2.99 2.32 0.43 17.06
(5.34) (5.53) (5.33) (1.8) (2.49) (2.23) (1.29) (11.16)
Age group 13.63 15.79 9.29 2.72* 3.12 2.68** 0.62 18.7
7-9 years (5.76) (5.2) (4.96) (1.69) (2.38) (2.16) (1.63) (10.31)
Age group 16.13 12.89 8.13 1.79* 2.78 1.76** 0.14 14.6
10-11 years (4.32) (5.72) (5.95) (1.87) (2.71) (2.28) (0.33) (12.22)
Below NAI 14.88 16* 10.13* 2.84* 3.61* 2.55 0.64* 19.79*
(5.8) (5.23) (5.83) (1.99) (2.67) (2.45) (1.54) (12.11)
Above NAI 14.9 11.93* 6.28* 1.48* 1.83* 2 0* 11.6*
(3.9) (5.66) (3.38) (0.93) (1.72) (1.82) (0) (6.6)
  1. MAVRIC = Measure of Aggression, Violence and Rage in Children (C = child version; P = parent version); CAS-P = Children’s Aggression Scale, parent version; NAI = national average income.
  2. *p < .05 **p < .10.