Skip to main content

Table 1 Child sociodemographic factors and other covariates* between Roma and non-Roma in Romania (N = 995) and Bulgaria (N = 1,377)*

From: Mental health disparities between Roma and non-Roma children in Romania and Bulgaria

   ROMANIA BULGARIA
   Roma (n =70) Non-Roma (n =925) p-value Roma (n =65) Non-Roma (n =1312) p-value
   % (n) % (n)   % (n) % (n)  
Gender Male 48.6% (34) 52.9% (489) 0.4879 53.2% (33) 51.4% (699) 0.7737
  Female 51.4% (36) 47.1% (436)   46.8% (29) 48.6% (662)  
Average Age   8.7 8.7 0.6886 9.0 8.8 0.2438
Mother’s Age Under 35 70.8% (46) 54.4% (477) 0.0274 N/A** N/A** N/A**
  35-40 15.4% (10) 29.0% (254)     
  Over 40 13.9% (9) 16.7% (146)     
Father’s Age Under 35 60.0% (30) 38.3% (303) 0.0086 N/A** N/A** N/A**
  35-40 26.0% (13) 35.9% (284)     
  Over 40 14.0% (7) 25.8% (204)     
Mother’s smoking Status Never 41.0% (25) 72.1% (641) <0.0001 N/A** N/A** N/A**
  Occasional 37.7% (23) 17.2% (153)     
  Current 21.3% (13) 10.7% (95)     
Mother’s Education < Secondary 60.8% (31) 9.2% (76) <0.0001 N/A** N/A** N/A**
  Secondary 33.3% (17) 50.5% (416)     
  > Secondary 5.9% (3) 40.3% (332)     
  1. *Gender and age available on all child respondents; data on parental age and characteristics based on maternal report from the questionnaire data. Insufficient numbers of Roma children parents in Bulgaria completed the questionnaire thus parental data among Bulgarian respondents were not used.
  2. **Due to low parental completion of SDQ, we did not obtain these numbers.
\