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Table 1 Mean (and standard deviation) scores for depressed and non-depressed participants on memory elements, emotional valence, and retrieval sequence

From: Autobiographical memory and hierarchical search strategies in depressed and non-depressed participants

  Memory count Depressed Non-depressed
Memory elements   Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD Range
 ESK   0.40 ± 0.27 0.10-1.08 1.40 ± 0.49 0.42-2.62
 GE   0.96 ± 0.41 0.23-1.82 1.25 ± 0.29 0.83-1.69
 LTP 315 0.34 ± 0.14 0.00-0.55 0.53 ± 0.11 0.39-0.75
 TH   0.56 ± 0.21 0.27-1.00 0.27 ± 0.20 0.08-0.73
 MIX   0.37 ± 0.17 0.08-0.62 0.45 ± 0.23 0.17-0.91
 OTR   0.41 ± 0.17 0.15-0.77 0.41 ± 0.16 0.15-0.75
Emotional valence      
 Positive   0.14 ± 0.06 0.00-0.23 0.33 ± 0.07 0.18-0.46
 Negative 315 0.52 ± 0.12 0.33-0.73 0.42 ± 0.11 0.18-0.58
 Neutral   0.35 ± 0.12 0.09-0.50 0.25 ± 0.09 0.08-0.39
Retrieval sequence      
 LTP → GE → ESK   0.10 ± 0.11 0.00-0.33 0.36 ± 0.18 0.09-0.73
 LTP → ESK   0.06 ± 0.11 0.00-0.33 0.09 ± 0.25 0.00-0.90
 LTP → GE 206 0.39 ± 0.16 0.00-0.60 0.16 ± 0.12 0.00-0.30
 GE → ESK   0.32 ± 0.26 0.00-1.00 0.34 ± 0.14 0.13-0.58
 GE → LTP   0.13 ± 0.12 0.00-0.33 0.17 ± 0.23 0.00-0.80
  1. LTP = life time period knowledge; GE = general event knowledge; ESK = event specific knowledge.