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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample studied

From: The relationship of psychological reactance, health locus of control and sense of self-efficacy with adherence to treatment in psychiatric outpatients with depression

Variable Category Number of cases % of the sample
Age 30-45 years 26 21.8
Mean Age 56.1 ± 12.0 45-60 years 53 44.5
Rank 30-82 60-75 years 31 26.1
> 75 years 9 7.6
Sex Male 28 23.5
Female 91 76.5
Educational level Can read and write 18 15.1
Primary 61 51.3
Secondary 21 17.6
University 19 16.0
ICD-10 diagnosis* Bipolar disorder 28 23.5
Depressive episode 18 15.1
Recurrent depression 31 26.1
Dysthymia 42 35.3
History of psychiatric admissions No 89 74.8
1 19 16.0
2 3 2.5
3 2 1.7
≥4 6 5.0
No. of Psychiatrists 1 29 24.4
Mean 3.4 ± 2.6 2 31 26.1
Rank 1-15 3 19 16.0
Mode 1; Median 3 ≥4 40 33.5
Psychotropic drugs One drug 19 16.0
Mean 2.92 ± 1.45 drugs Two drugs 29 24.4
Rank 1-8 Three drugs 37 31.1
Polypharmacy % Four drugs 16 13.4
Five or more drugs 18 15.1
Treatment Antidepressants 97 81.5
Tricyclics 7 5.9
SSRIs 67 56.3
SNSRIs 67 56.3
Benzodiazepines 96 80.7
Antipsychotics 19 16
Conventional 2 1.7
Atypical 18 15.1
Mood stabilizers 22 18.5
Anticholinergics 2 1.7
Self-reported adherence Adherent 59 49.6
Non-adherent 60 50.4
  1. Abbreviations: ICD International Classification of Diseases, SNRIs Selective Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors, SSRIs Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors.