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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and differences in depressive symptoms

From: The association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms and the mediating role of psychological capital among Chinese university teachers: a cross-sectional study

Variables N % CES-D (Mean ± SD)
Gender    
 Males 513 42.4 18.63 ± 9.78
 Females 697 57.6 18.37 ± 9.11
Age    
 ≤30 174 14.4 16.37 ± 8.60
 31-40 565 46.7 19.48 ± 8.95**
 41-50 367 30.3 18.12 ± 10.14
 >50 104 8.6 17.84 ± 9.70
Marital status    
 Single/widow/separated 186 15.4 17.72 ± 8.26
 Married/cohabitation 1024 84.6 18.62 ± 9.59
Education    
 Bachelor 168 13.9 19.47 ± 10.64
 Master 557 46.0 18.77 ± 8.95
 Doctor 485 40.1 17.80 ± 9.42
Professional position    
 Assistant 105 8.7 17.82 ± 9.23
 Lecturer 493 40.7 19.11 ± 8.97
 Associate professor 445 36.8 19.19 ± 9.84**
 Professor 167 13.8 15.17 ± 8.86
Chronic disease    
 No 739 61.1 16.97 ± 8.74
 Yes 471 38.9 20.85 ± 9.90**
  1. CES-D: the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.
  2. **p < 0.01 (two-tailed).