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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population overall and by recruitment site a

From: The household economic burden of eating disorders and adherence to treatment in Australia

Personal and family information Total Private Hospital Public Hospital
(n = 90) (n = 67) (n = 18)
Age, mean (±SD) 24.5 (SD = 8.3) 28.9 (SD:8.7) 27.3 (SD:6.9)
Female 89 /90 (98.9%) 66 (98.5%) 18 (100%)
English spoken at home 81/90 (90.0%) 60 (89.6%) 17 (94.4%)
Marital status    
Couple 21/89 (23.6%) 15 (22.4%) 6 (33.3%)
Single 68/89 (76.4%) 52 (77.6%) 12 (66.7%)
Current living situation    
Living with parents 42/90 (46.7%) 33 (49.3%) 7 (38.9%)
Living with spouse/partner 21/90 (23.3%) 16 (23.9%) 5 (27.8%)
Living alone 14/90 (15.6%) 10 (14.9%) 2 (11.1%)
Living in shared accommodation 12/90 (14.4%) 8 (11.9%) 4 (22.2%)
Highest qualification completed or in the process of completing    
Secondary school or lower 19/89 (21.3%) 16 (23.9%) 3 (16.7%)
University or TAFE 70/89 (78.7%) 51 (76.1%) 14 (77.8%)
Current work status b    
Employed (full or part-time) 42/90 (46.7%) 30 (44.8%) 10 (55.6%)
Employed, on sick leave 7/90 (7.8%) 3 (4.5%) 3 (16.7%)
Unemployed 6/90 (6.7%) 4 (6.0%) 2 (11.1%)
Unemployed, due to medical reasons 22/90 (24.4%) 20 (29.9%) 0
Other 13/90 (14.4%) 10 (14.9%) 2 (11.1%)
Medical information    
Age when eating disorder was diagnosed, mean (±SD) 18.0 (SD = 4.9) 17.6 (SD:4.8) 19.9 (SD:5.1)
Years since diagnosis, mean (±SD) 10.6 (SD = 8.3) 11.2 (SD:8.6) 7.8 (SD:6.6)
BMI, mean (±SD) 19.4 (SD = 3.9) 19.1 (SD:4.2) 20.1 (SD:2.7)
Eating disorder diagnosis, by broad category b,c    
Anorexia Nervosa 49/90 (54.4%) 45 (67.2%) 2 (11.1%)
Bulimia Nervosa 15/90 (16.7%) 11 (16.4%) 2 (11.1%)
Other 26/90 (28.9%) 11 (16.4%) 14 (77.8%)
Psychological co-morbidity    
Alcohol and/or substance abuse 16/88 (18.2%) 13 (19.7%) 2 (11.1%)
Anxiety disorders 50/88 (56.8%) 41 (62.1%) 7 (41.2%)
Bi-polar disorder 4/88 (4.5%) 3 (4.5%) 1 (5.9%)
Depression 77/88 (87.5%) 60 (90.9%) 14 (82.4%)
Psychosis 4/88 (4.5%) 3 (4.5%) 1 (5.9%)
Proportion with a hospital admission for the treatment of the eating disorder or associated complications in the past 12 months?b 50/89 (56.2%) 43 (64.2%) 4 (23.5%)
Insurance status    
Reached the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) safety net thresholdb 15/89 (16.9%) 15 (22.4%) 0
Reached the Medicare safety net thresholdb 31/89 (34.8%) 28 (41.8%) 2 (11.8%)
Private health insuranceb 78/89 (86.7%) 63 (94.0%) 12 (70.6%)
Income    
AUD$20,000 and under 9/89 (10.1%) 6 (9.0%) 1 (5.9%)
AUD$20,000-39,999 19/89 (21.3%) 16 (23.9%) 3 (17.6%)
AUD$40,000-59,999 7/89 (7.9%) 4 (6.0%) 3 (17.6%)
AUD$60,000-79,999 7/89 (7.9%) 4 (6.4%) 1 (5.9%)
AUD$80,000-99,999 7/89 (7.9%) 4 (6.4%) 3 (17.6%)
AUD$100,000 or more 22/89 (24.4%) 20 (29.9%) 1 (5.9%)
Don’t know/rather not answer 18/89 (20.2%) 13 (19.4%) 5 (29.4%)
  1. Data are shown as frequency and proportion (%) or mean and standard deviation (±SD).
  2. aData are not shown separately for the subsample who were recruited online as n = 5.
  3. bWe found a significant difference in these variables by recruitment site, P < 0.05.
  4. cAnorexia includes: Anorexia nervosa purging subtype and restricting subtype; Other includes: Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified and Don’t know / not sure.