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Table 4 Beliefs about whether an addicted person should be coerced into treatment for addiction

From: How is acceptance of the brain disease model of addiction related to Australians’ attitudes towards addicted individuals and treatments for addiction?

Peter/John should be forced into treatment Alcohol addiction Heroin addiction
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age 18-34 1.00   1.00  
≥35 0.58* 0.37-0.91 0.49* 0.28-0.85
Gender Male 1.00   1.00  
Female 1.24 0.93-1.65 0.73* 0.54-0.99
Years of education 1-12 1.00   1.00  
13-14 0.75 0.46-1.22 0.76 0.46-1.25
15+ 0.60** 0.44-0.81 0.55*** 0.40-0.75
Familiarity with addiction No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.72* 0.54-0.97 0.69 0.47-1.01
Disease No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1.04 0.73-1.50 1.13 0.75-1.70
Brain disease No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1.17 0.82-1.65 1.10 0.71-1.71
Biological causes Disagree 1.00   1.00  
Neutral/DK 1.07 0.72-1.59 1.03 0.68-1.55
Agree 1.05 0.71-1.55 0.74 0.47-1.16
Social-environmental causes Disagree 1.00   1.00  
Neutral/DK 0.76 0.50-1.14 1.04 0.71-1.51
Agree 1.12 0.75-1.66 0.91 0.61-1.36
Personal qualities Disagree 1.00   1.00  
Neutral/DK 1.39 0.80-2.42 1.26 0.69-2.30
Agree 1.71** 1.24-2.38 1.34 0.93-1.92
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, DK don’t know.