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Table 2 Past year prevalence data [N (%)] in the five waves of data collection, stratified by sex

From: Natural course of behavioral addictions: a 5-year longitudinal study

  Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Average percent
2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2010-2011 2011-2012 M (SD)
Exercise Males 77 (4.1) 30 (1.7) 24 (1.4) 33 (1.9) 26 (1.5) 2.1 (1.1)
Females 59 (2.6) 31 (1.4) 34 (1.6) 28 (1.3) 29 (1.4) 1.7 (0.5)
Total 136 (3.3) 61 (1.6) 58 (1.5) 61 (1.6) 55 (1.4) 1.9 (0.8)
Comorbid substance use 19 (14.0) 11 (18.0) 6 (10.3) 10 (16.4) 9 (16.4) 15.0 (3.0)
Sex Males 76 (4.1) 45 (2.5) 54 (3.1) 53 (3.1) 46 (2.7) 3.1 (0.6)
Females 25 (1.1) 20 (0.9) 19 (0.9) 6 (0.3) 13 (0.6) 0.8 (0.3)
Total 101 (2.5) 65 (1.7) 73 (1.9) 59 (1.5) 59 (1.6) 1.8 (0.4)
Comorbid substance use 24 (23.8) 17 (26.2) 14 (19.2) 9 (15.3) 13 (22.0) 21.3 (4.2)
Shopping Males 42 (2.2) 22 (1.2) 28 (1.6) 17 (1.0) 14 (0.8) 1.4 (0.6)
Females 142 (6.3) 128 (5.9) 127 (5.9) 93 (4.4) 77 (3.7) 5.2 (1.1)
Total 184 (4.5) 150 (3.8) 155 (4.0) 110 (2.9) 91 (2.4) 3.5 (0.9)
Comorbid substance use 23 (12.5) 22 (14.7) 16 (10.3) 8 (7.3) 15 (16.5) 12.3 (3.6)
Online chat Males 34 (1.8) 21 (1.2) 13 (0.7) 20 (1.2) 17 (1.0) 1.2 (0.4)
Females 28 (1.2) 22 (1.0) 23 (1.1) 14 (0.7) 11 (0.5) 0.9 (0.3)
Total 62 (1.5) 43 (1.1) 36 (0.9) 34 (0.9) 28 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3)
Comorbid substance use 13 (21.0) 13 (30.2) 5 (13.9) 7 (20.6) 8 (28.6) 22.9 (6.6)
Video gaming Males 44 (2.4) 33 (1.9) 33 (1.9) 26 (1.5) 19 (1.1) 1.8 (0.5)
Females 24 (1.1) 23 (1.1) 23 (1.1) 22 (1.0) 25 (1.2) 1.1 (0.1)
Total 68 (1.7) 56 (1.4) 56 (1.4) 48 (1.3) 44 (1.2) 1.4 (0.2)
Comorbid substance use 10 (14.7) 7 (12.5) 7 (12.5) 8 (16.7) 11 (25.0) 16.3 (5.2)
Eating Males No data 81 (4.6) 79 (4.5) 76 (4.4) 61 (3.6) 4.3 (0.5)
Females No data 210 (9.7) 195 (9.0) 165 (7.8) 140 (6.6) 8.3 (1.4)
Total No data 291 (7.4) 274 (7.0) 241 (6.3) 201 (5.3) 6.5 (0.9)
Comorbid substance use No data 43 (14.8) 29 (10.6) 23 (9.5) 24 (11.9) 11.7 (2.3)
At least one excessive behavior Males 230 (12.3) 198 (11.2) 192 (11.0) 192 (11.2) 157 (9.3) 11.0 (1.0)
Females 228 (10.1) 334 (15.4) 318 (14.7) 262 (12.4) 229 (10.9) 12.7 (2.1)
Total 458 (11.1) 532 (13.5) 510 (13.1) 454 (11.9) 386 (10.2) 12.0 (1.2)
At least two excessive behaviors Males 39 (2.1) 30 (1.7) 30 (1.8) 25 (1.5) 20 (1.2) 1.7 (0.3)
Females 38 (1.7) 80 (3.7) 81 (3.8) 60 (2.9) 49 (2.3) 2.9 (0.9)
Total 77 (1.8) 110 (2.8) 111 (2.8) 85 (2.3) 69 (1.8) 2.3 (0.5)
  1. Refers to the combined sample of males and females reporting the given excessive behavior in the given data wave.