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Table 3 Correlations, means, and standard deviations for observed variables (N= 342)

From: Roles of attachment and self-esteem: impact of early life stress on depressive symptoms among Japanese institutionalized children

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
1. Physical abuse -                 
2. Sexual abuse .02 -                
3. Emotional abuse .30*** .13* -               
4. Neglect .07 -.08 .08 -              
5. Maternal psychopath .01 -.03 .17* .03 -             
6. Paternal psychopath -.02 -.06 .12* -.03 .19*** -            
7. Maternal death -.01 -.01 -.01 -.15** .05 -.01 -           
8. Paternal death -.02 -.01 .00 -.07 .09 .11* .18** -          
9. Maternal substance abuse -.04 -.07 -.02 -.00 .11* .10 -.03 .03 -         
10. Paternal substance abuse .12* .00 -.01 .09 .12* .19** .05 .10 .14** -        
11. Maternal incarceration .02 -.05 .02 -.00 .01 .10 -.05 .02 .51*** .24*** -       
12. Paternal incarceration .07 -.06 .03 -.03 -.10 .01 -.01 -.06 .10 .07 .25*** -      
13. Secure -.13* -.04 -.05 -.08 .01 -.07 .03 .00 .06 .04 .09 .08 -     
14. Ambivalent .08 .14** .17** .02 .00 -.01 .08 .04 .08 .03 .01 -.04 -.01 -    
15. avoidant .10 .09 .15** .02 .00 .15** -.01 -.00 .07 .03 .04 -.03 .06 .37*** -   
16. Self-esteem -.15** -.17** -.12* -.06 .02 -.03 -.02 -.04 .03 .04 .09 .10 .30*** -.47*** -.13* -  
17. Depressive symptoms .17** .08 .16** -.05 -.01 .07 .03 .03 .01 .07 .05 -.00 -.32*** .40*** .23*** -.49*** -
Mean .28 .06 .29 .42 .31 .05 .06 .06 .07 .05 .04 .05 19.81 20.12 17.60 29.23 14.80
SD .45 .23 .45 .50 .46 .22 .25 .24 .26 .22 .18 .22 5.91 6.21 5.46 6.55 6.22
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.