Skip to main content

Table 3 Description of included studies

From: Systematic review of feasibility and acceptability of psychosocial interventions for schizophrenia in low and middle income countries

Country (Author, date) Study design Intervention Intervention workforce Sample Measures of acceptability and feasibility identified
1. China (Xiong et al., 1994 [40]) Randomised controlled trial (RCT) 1. Monthly 45 minute counselling sessions with patient and family Therapist 63 families Compliance
34 in intervention group
2. Family group therapy sessions 29 in control group
2. China (Ran et al., 2003 [27]) RCT 1. Monthly family visit incorporating psychoeducation Therapist 326 patients and families Reasons for refusal to participate
2. Family workshops 126 cases in family intervention group
3. Crisis intervention
103 cases in pharmacological treatment group
97 cases in control group
3. Poland (Slupczynska-Kossobudzka et al., 1999 [36]) Cohort 1. Medication management Multidisciplinary team: psychiatrist, psychologist, 3 nurses, social worker 88 patients and families Satisfaction scale
2. Individual psychotherapy
3. Daily living and social skills training
4. Therapeutic work with family
5. Welfare assistance
4. Turkey (Tas et al., 2012 [35]) Randomised pilot study 1. Family-assisted social cognition and interaction training (14 session group training) Family members trained as “cognition partners” 45 patients and 45 family members Satisfaction scale
5. China (Zhang et al., 1993 [49]) Cohort 1. Family psychoeducation (10 lectures, 3 discussion groups) Psychologist 3092 patients Participation rates
6. China (Zhang et al., 1994 [25]) Cohort 1. Family counselling Counsellors 83 patients and family Description of feasibility issues
2. Home visits for non-attenders
7. Egypt, (Gohar et al., 2013 [33]) RCT 1. Social cognition training (2 sessions per week for 8 weeks) Psychiatrist 42 patients 22 in intervention group Satisfaction scale
20 in control group (skills training intervention)
8. Poland (Chadzynska et al., 2011 [37]) Cross-sectional 1. Group psychoeducation sessions Therapist 167 patients Questionnaire covering opinions on sessions
9. Chile (Caqueo-Urízar et al., 2009 [39]) Cross-sectional 1. Multifamily intervention programme for caregivers – 18 weekly sessions (psychoeducation and living skills) Not reported 41 primary caregivers Satisfaction questionnaire
10. India (Kulhara et al., 2009 [32]) RCT 1. Manualised psychoeducation intervention for carers (monthly sessions of 1 hr) Mental health professionals 38 patients and caregivers in both experimental and control groups Satisfaction questionnaire
11. Brazil (Cabral et al., 2010 [29]) Cross-sectional 1. Weekly psychoeducational and supportive therapy group for patients Not reported 44 primary caregivers Opinion questionnaire and satisfaction scale
2. Weekly psychoeducational multi-family group
12. Thailand, (Worakul et al., 2007 [34]) Cohort 1. Family psychoeducational programme (1 day programme didactic component and group discussion) Psychiatrists 91 primary caregivers Satisfaction scale
13. Czech Republic (Motlova et al., 2006 [38]) Prospective follow up study 1. Outpatient clinic based psychoeducation intervention for patients and family Professionals (not specified) 53 patients, 93 family members Outcome questionnaire
14. India (Balaji et al., 2012 [23]) Qualitative Collaborative community-based care: Community lay health workers In-depth interviews with 32 patients, 38 caregivers Qualitative
1. Psychoeducation
2. Adherence management
3. Rehabilitation
4. Referral to community agents
15. Brazil (Zimmer et al., 2006 [24]) Qualitative 1. CBT incorporating cognitive differentiation, social perception, verbal communication, social skills, interpersonal problem solving Not reported 22 patients’ expressions of perceptions of intervention (written and verbal accounts) Qualitative
16. South Africa (Pooe et al., 2010 [43]) Qualitative 1. Patient psychoeducation Not reported Focus groups with 9 in-patients Qualitative
9 out-patients (study did not disaggregate in analysis)
Semi–structured interviews with 15 patients
17. South Africa (Asmal et al., 2013 [41]) Qualitative 1. Family therapy – multi family groups of schizophrenia patients and caregivers Psychiatric nurse Semi-structured interviews, 20 patients and 20 family members Qualitative